Overview of the Indian Auto Industry

India was the fourth largest motor vehicle/car manufacturer in the world in 2016¹. Indian auto manufacturers produced a record 23.96 milion motor vehicles in 2015-16 (Apr-Mar), incl. 3.22 million passenger vehicles. India is the largest manufacturer of three-wheelers (934 000 in 2015-16) and the seventh largest commercial vehicle (811 000 in 2016). Two-wheeler production reached 18.5 m units in the same year. India is the largest tractor manufacturing country (around 1/3 of global output) with a total sales of 582 000 units in 2016-17. Construction vehicle production was approx. 59 000 in 2014. 2.03 million passengers cars were sold in India in 2015 (total car production amounted to 3.68 m units in 2016). The total turnover of the auto industry amounted to ca USD 145 billion in 2015-16. Total installed capacity was ca 31.5 m units at the end of 2014-15.

India is the second largest motorcycle (10.5 million produced in 2015 of a total of over 16.1 m two-wheelers) and the fourth largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world. Over 13 million people work directly or indirectly in the auto industry. Indian passenger vehicle exports amounted to 654 000 units in 2015-16, while 2.48 m two-wheelers (mainly motorcycles), 102 000 commercial vehicles and 404 000 three wheelers were shipped overseas in the same year.

The total turnover of the Indian automotive component industry was estimated at USD 39 billion in 2015-16. Auto ancillary exports fetched USD 10.8 bn in the same year while the total turnover of India's vehicle tyre industry amounted to an estimated ₹ 450 billion in 2013-14. The total number of registered motor vehicles reached approx. 210 million in March 2015.

New possible entrants into the Indian auto market include the large Chinese auto manufacturer SAIC and France's Peugeot, though the latter would be more of re-entrant having produced the Peugeot 309 model in the 1990s.

¹ Source: OICA (The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers 2016 Statistics)

Registered Motor Vehicles by Type as at 31 Mar 2015 (in millions)

Two-WheelersCars, Jeeps and TaxisBusesGoods VehiclesMisc (incl. tractors and three-wheelers

Registered Motor Vehicles (in millions)
Top 10 States (31.3.2015)

  • Maharashtra: 25.6
  • Tamil Nadu: 22.5
  • Uttar Pradesh: 21.6
  • Gujarat: 18.7
  • Karnataka: 14.8
  • Rajasthan: 12.4
  • Madhya Pradesh: 11.1
  • Kerala: 9.6
  • Delhi: 8.9
  • Andhra Pradesh: 7.9

Domestic Motor Vehicle Sales
(Apr 2015 - Mar 2016)

  • Passenger Vehicles: 3.05 million units (2016/17)
  • Commercial Vehicles: 0.69 m
  • Two-wheelers: 16.5 m
  • Three-wheelers: 0.54 m

  • TOTAL: 20.47 million units

Video clip: Road traffic in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Video clip: Rush hour traffic in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Video clip: Rush hour traffic in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Above video clips: Hyderabad's total motor vehicle population amounted to almost 5 million (inc. 850 000 cars) in 2016. Road congestion and noise/air pollution are some of the more serious effects. Hyderabad also lacks an efficient, integrated public transport. Fortunately a metro rail system is under construction in the city which, once commissioned in full, should provide some improvement for commuters.

Number of Registered Motor Vehicles (in thousands) in Major Cities - March 2012
City Cars All Motor Vehicles
Ahmedabad 240 1 682
Delhi 2 172 7 350
Bengaluru 801 4 156
Chennai 653 3 768
Kolkata 222 496
Hyderabad (2016) 850 ca 5 000
Pune 332 2 267
Lucknow 183 1 315
Mumbai 618 2 029

Auto News, Blogs, Journals and Portals

Indian Emission Standards >>

Auto Expos/Organizations

Auto Statistics

Car Sales by Manufacturer/Imported Brand

Manufacturer Domestic Exports Total
Maruti Suzuki India 1 444 541 (2016/17) 124 062 (2016/17) 1 568 603 (2016/17)
Hyundai Motor India 509 707 (2016/17) 167 120 (2016/17) 676 827 (2016/17)
Mahindra & Mahindra 236 130 (2016/17) 37 241 (2016/17, incl. all motor vehicles) 506 625 (2016/17)
Honda Cars India 156 107 (2016)
Tata Motors 153 151 (2016/17)
GM India 32 540 (2015/16) 37 082  
Nissan India 57 315 (2016/17) 111 612 151 001
Ford India 92 414 (2016) 110 840 176 858 (2015)
Toyota Kirloskar Motor 142 500 (2016/17)  
Renault India 135 123 (2016/17)  
Volkswagen India 60 500 (2016) 84 500 (2016) 145 145 (2016)
BMW India 7 861 (2016, incl. Minis)  
Mercedes-Benz India 13 231 (2016)  
Jaguar Land Rover ~3000 (2015)  
Fiat-Chrysler India 6 584 (2016)  
Volvo 1 584 (2016)  
Audi India 11 192 (2015)  

Domestic Car Sales Modelwise 2004-11

Model2004/052006 2007-08 2008 2009 2010
2007-08: Indicates April 2007-March 2008, FY09=Apr'08-Mar'09
06-07: Indicates April 2006-March 2007
* Incl. of exports
** Apr-Dec 2006
¹ Estimate
² 2004-05
³ 2003-04
@ 04/04-12/04
Aston Martin             ca 30 a year (2013)
Audi A4 - - 102 1,050 (All Audi models) 1,658 (All Audi models)
3,003 ( all models)
5,511 (All models)
Audi A6 105 (all Audi models-'05) 300 (all Audi models) 349 (all Audi models) 111 (Jan-Apr) 396
Audi A8-- 172 1,050 (all Audi models)  
Audi Q5          
Audi Q7--   350  
Audi RS 5              
Audi R8 - - - 15  
Audi TT5 (2005)na     
ca 300 since 2003
BMW 3 Series-- 946 1,075 (FY09) 1,155
2,220 (Jan-Nov)
2788 (2012)
BMW 5 Series-- 822 1,352 (FY09) 1,590
2,030 (Jan-Nov)
2618 (2012)
BMW 6 series, X3 and X5 ca 40 (X5) 257 (all models) 83   4 (6 series, Mar)
BMW 7 Series-- 251 279 (FY09)  
BMW X1            
2461 (2012)
BMW X3, X5 and X6          
16 (Jan)
X3 930 (2012)
BMW Z4 Roadster        
Chevrolet Aveo - - 5,624 1,174 (Jan) 746 (Feb)
364 (Jan)
Chevrolet Aveo U-VA - - 11,523
434 (Jan)
Chevrolet Beat          
2,825 (Jan)
Chevrolet Captiva - - 607 2,134 (FY09) 201 (Feb)
72 (Jan)
Chevrolet Cruze        
812 (Oct)
686 (Jan)
Chevrolet Forester (discontd.) 260 (2003-2005) - - - -
Chevrolet Optra Magnum9 191na 6,058 (inc. SR-V model) 1287 (Jan-Mar) 89 (Feb)
51 (Jan)
Chevrolet Spark-- 22,060 7,265 (Jan-Mar) 2,940 (Feb)
3,477 (Jan)
Chevrolet SRV          
Chevrolet Tavera18 622 (2005)na 20,671 4,892 (Jan-Mar) 945 (Feb)
1,512 (Jan)
Fiat Grande Punto - - - -
~9,000 (Jun-Nov)
8,401 (all models in Apr-Jul)
Fiat Linea - - -
4,512 (FY09)
~ 12,000 (Jan-Nov)
Fiat Palio Stile791 (05-06) 1,614 (06-07) 3,303   
Fiat Petra/Adventure (discontd.)454 (05-06) 584 (06-07)     
Fiat 500 - - - ca 30 till Sept  
ca 65 till Jun '10
Force Trax - - 7,053 -  
Ford EcoSport              
Ford Endeavour1 818 (05-06)na 2,916 2,780 (FY09) 184 (Oct)
51,420 (all models Jan-May)
Ford Fiestaca 3 500na 22,855   
Ford Figo - - - - -
58,000 (till Nov)
Ford Fusion (discontd.)329²na 2,678   
Ford Ikon (discontd.)24 536na 4,797   
Ford Mondeo (discontd.)25² (05-06) 0    
Hindustan Ambassador12 740na 8,487   
Honda Accord3 324 (05-06)2,728 (06-07) 2,133 4,108 (FY09) 948 (Jan-Apr)
288 (Jan)
Honda Amaze              
Honda Brio              
Honda City37 545 (2005-06)40,464 (06-07) 40,536 (incl. Marina STW)   18,482 (Jan-Apr)
4,485 (Jan)
Honda Civicna16,262 (06-07) 16,723   2,386 (Jan-Apr)
644 (Jan)
Honda CR-V1 858 (05-06)1,873 (06-07) 3,425   501 (Jan-Mar)
76 (Jan)
Honda Jazz        
3,069 (Jun-Jul)
490 (Jan)
Hyundai Accent24 383na 8,274   
Hyundai Elantra (discontd.)2 331 (2005) 1,683 (06-07)  10 (Mar)  
Hyundai Eon              
Hyundai Getz Prime5 483na 16,787 9,442 (FY09)  
Hyundai i10-- 14,451 (2007) 106,110 (FY09) 24,990 (till Mar 12)
Hyundai i20-- - 4,991 (FY09) 4,940 (Oct)
Hyundai Santa Fe              
Hyundai Santro Xing103 301² 163,838 (06-07) 121,163 91,466 (FY09)  
Hyundai Sonata806 (2005)506 577 486 (FY09) 232 (Jan-Apr)
29 (Jan)
Hyundai Terracan (discontd.)318³   -
Hyundai Tucson884 (March-Nov 05)533 (incl. Terracan) 188 50 (FY09) 13 (Jan-Apr)
Hyundai Vernanana 24,370 2,132 (Feb)  
5,502 (Jan)
ICML Rhino--     
242 (incl. Land Rover)
891 (Apr-Mar '11) incl. Land Rovers
2289 (Apr-Mar'12) incl. Land Rovers
ca 17 (2012)
Land Roverca 30na   ~90 (2008) 242 (incl. Jaguar)
35 (Jan)
Mahindra Bolero - - 51,009 55,924 (FY09)  
Mahindra Max - - - 3,000 (Apr08-Feb09)  
Mahindra Scorpio31,661 (05-06)38,015 (06-07) 41,443 27,000 (Apr08-Feb09) 3,200 (Mar)
ca 44,000 ('10-'11)
Mahindra Thar              
Mahindra XUV500              
Mahindra Xylo--- 7,201 (FY09) ~10,500 (Jan-Apr)
Maruti 800116 262²79,245 (06-07) 69,553 49,383 (FY09) 9,915 (Apr-Jul)
Maruti A-Star - - -
15,736 (FY09)
2,784 (Jun)
2,494 (Jan)
Maruti Alto126 223²200,000+ (Apr06-Feb07) 227,173 218,127 (FY09) 240,000
Maruti Baleno (discontd.)6 521na     
Maruti DZire - - 5,658 61,952 (FY09)  
8,995 incl. SX4 (Jan)
Maruti Esteem (discontd.)18 379na 12,485   
Maruti Grand Vitaranana 795 270 (FY09)  
Maruti Gypsynana 3,132 7,219 (FY09)  
Maruti Kizashi          
103 (Mar '11)
Maruti Omni60 377²na 88,273   
Maruti Ritz        
6,214 (Jun)
Maruti Swift34 463 (May-Nov 05)na 88,745 110,071 (FY09)  
Maruti SX4 - - 31,192 1,953 (Feb)  
Maruti Versa4 291³na 1,456 1,440 (FY09)  
Maruti Wagon R79 712²na 132,727 134,768 (FY09) 140,000
163,000 (Apr-Mar '11)
Maruti Estilo65 345²na 50,635 (Zen and Estilo) 32,694 (FY09)  
Mercedes C-Class785883 1,127 1,765 1,607
5,109 (All models, Jan-Nov)
6,698 (all models Jan-Nov)
Mercedes E-Class825 (05)922 1,048 1,167 1,048
245 (Jan)
Mercedes S-Class144 (2005)248 518 561 467
22 (Jan)
Mercedes CLS/SLK/SL/CLK/M  na 118 141 (incl. 80 M-class) 125 (models other than C,E and S class)
6 CBU imports(Jan)
Maybach3 ('04 and '05)na na   
Mini Cooper              
Mitsubishi Lancer/Cedia2 509na 2,582 1,570 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Outlander-- - 278 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Pajero/Monteronana 1,676 1,814 (FY09)  
Nissan 370Z          
4 (Jan-Aug)
Nissan Micra          
~6,000 (Jul-Nov)
10,247 (H1)
Nissan Teana-- 347 58 (FY09) 207 (FY10)
179 (Apr-Nov)
58 (H1)
Nissan X-Trail253 (2005)250 173 100 (FY09)  
50 (Jul)
157 (H1)
Opel Corsa (discontd)8 369na - - -
Porsche (various models)ca 100 (2005)160 168 168  
Premier Rio          
Mahindra Verito (Renault Logan)-- 25,884 13,419 (FY09) 2,520 (Feb-Apr)
555 (Jan)
Mahindra Reva          
Renault Fluence            
290 (Jun)
Renault Koleos            
Rolls-Royce 5 (2005) 7 (2006) 12 (2007) 14 (2008) <10 (2009)
80 (2010)
ca 250 till date (end 2013)
San Stormnana     
Škoda Fabia - - 1,906 6,634  
5,510 (Jan-Mar) all Škoda models
9,257 (H1)
Škoda Octavia/Laura9 559 (05-06)11,433 10,944 7,459 (FY09)  
3,519 (H1)
Škoda Rapid              
Škoda Superbna769 586 694 (FY09) 541 (Apr-Jun)
2,078 (H1)
Škoda Yeti            
1,310 (H1)
Ssanyong Rexton              
Tata Aria              
Tata Indica111 574 (05-06)144,690 (06-07) 135,642 111,257 (FY09) 91,295 (Apr-Jan '10)
11,448 (Jan)
Tata Indigo/Indigo XL/Indigo CS39 377 (05-06)34,310 (06-07) 31,416 49,190 (FY09) 41,724 (Apr-Jan '10)
7,258 (Jan)
Tata Marina2 050na     
Tata Nano        
21,535 (Jul-Jan '10)
77,000 (till12/10)
Tata Safari4 692 (05-06)15,816 (06-07) 19,078   25,630 (Sumo+Safari: Apr-Jan '10)
3,538 (Safari/Sumo Jan)
Tata Sumo / Sumo Victa33 213 (05-06)32,077 (06-07) 28,622    
Tata Sumo Grande/MKII          
Tata Vista          
Tata Xenon XT--- 161 (FY09)  
Toyota Camry794 (2005) 1,001 (06-07) 988 182 (Apr-Jun) 44 (Apr-Jun)
120 (H1)
Toyota Corolla Altis8 974 (2005)na 6,204  9,172
4,901 (H1)
Toyota Etios            
20,765 (H1)
Toyota Etios Liva        
737 (Jun)
Toyota Fortuner        
~3,100 (Aug-Dec)
5,475 (H1)
Toyota Innova32 000 (2005)na 48,069  42,740
25,307 (H1)
Toyota Land Cruiser 200              
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado162 (2005)na 141 109 (FY09)  
Toyota Prius              
Toyota Qualis (discontd.)31 759²na     
VW New Beetle          
ca 240 till Jun '10
88 (H1)
VW Jetta--   1,566 (all VW models) 1,957 (Jan-Aug: all VW models)
975 (H1)
VW Passat--      
27,946 (Vento and Polo)
383 (H1)
VW Phaeton            
58 (till Jun '11)
VW Polo            
20,127 (H1)
VW Touareg--      
VW Vento - - - - -  
17,555 (H1)
Volvo V40 Cross Country              
Volvo S60              
Volvo S80-- ca 100 (all Volvo) ca 90 ( all Volvo models)  
320 (all models)
Volco XC60              
Volvo XC90--     

Automotive Research

Imported Car/Motorcycles Brands

Aston Martin has two dealerships in India, one in Mumbai and another one in Delhi.
Bentley offers five models through its New Delhi showroom, including the Arnage (RL saloon), Azure convertible, Brooklands coupe (two allocated to India), Continental GT sports coupe, Continental Flying Spur sports coupe and the Continental Flying Spur Speed super sedan. Bentley has sold over 100 cars in India since its launch in 2003. Bentley allocates limited numbers for each of its markets and sales for for 2008 were estimated atl 30-35 units. Ex-showroom (Delhi) prices range from ₹ 16.5 m (Continental Flying Spur) to ₹ 40 m (Brooklands coupe).
Bugatti launched its Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport sports car in Oct '10 with a price tag starting at ₹ 165 million.
National Garage of Mumbai is the dealer for Ferrari and Maserati cars. Models available include the 430 Modena and Ferrari Scaglietti and Maserati Quattroporte. A few Maseratis have already been sold.
Jaguar offerings include the XE, XF, XJ, XK and F-Pace SUV models. Jaguar commenced assembly of its XF in India in Jan '13 and presently assembles the XF and XJ models. JLR sold 2 913 cars in 2014.
Jeep's offerings include the Grand Cherokee Summit and Grand Cherokee SRT SUVs and the classic Wrangler Unlimited jeep models.
The Aventador S super sports car costs around ₹ 50 m. Lamborghini claims to have sold around 40 % of the 70 or so super sports cars sold in India in 2016.
Land Rover models sold in India include the Vogue and Autobriography/SVAutobiograhpy.
Porsche has showrooms in Gurgaon, Kolkata, Kochi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Ahmedabad. Porsche has sold over 400 cars in 2016. Porsche sells Boxster, Cayman, 911 coupe models, Panamera/Panamera Turbo sports sedan and the Macan and Cayenne SUVs.
Roll-Royce cars are sold through RR dealers located in Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. Rolls-Royce has managed to sell a dozen or so cars annually during the last few years. India is now RR's third largest market in the Asia-Pacific region with estimated sales at over 250 cars since the marque was relaunched in India in 2005. Earlier on India was a major market for Rolls-Royces. According to John M. Faisal, an automobile historian, as many as 900 cars with the famous Spirit of Ecstasy mascot on the bonnet were sold to Indian princes before 1947. Read more here: Maharajas' rendezvous with Rolls-Royce >>
Volvo has 17 dealers located in Mumbai, Delhi, Gurugram, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Kochi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Surat, Vijayawada, Vizag and Chennai. Car models on sale include the V40 hatchback, S60 sedan, S60 Cross Country and S80 and S90 sedans, XC60, XC90 SUV and V40 Cross Country. These car models are priced at approx. ₹ 4 million and ₹ 5 million respectively and are imported from Volvo's Gothenburg factory in Sweden. Volvo sold 1 584 cars in 2016, an increase over the 1 423  cars sold in 2015.

Passenger Car/Utility Vehicle Manufacturers


Audi sells the A3, A4, A6, A8 L, Q3, Q5, Q7, S4, S5, RS 6 Coupe, RS 7 Sportback, TT Coupe, and R8 range of models. Audi competes in a niche market along with BMW and Mercedes cars and sold 11 192 cars in 2015 (ca 60 000 cars since the company began operations in India). Audi assembles the A4, A6, Q3, Q5 and Q7 models at ŠkodaAuto's plant located at Aurangabad, Maharashtra while the other models are imported from Ingolstadt, Germany. Audi cars are available through over 60 dealers across India.


BMW has an assembly plant with an annual capacity of 14 000 units in Chenglepet located near Chennai that rolled out its 25,000th BMW car in Jul '12. The plant assembles BMW X3, X5, 3, 5 and 7 series models. The present local content in the assembled cars is around 10 per cent. The current annual capacity of the plant is 11,000 cars. BMW imports the 7 series and the X3/X5 SUV's and the new X6 Sport Activity Coupe. BMW sells its cars through a network of 40 dealers. BMW sold 7 500 BMW's and 361 Minis in 2016.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) India

Fiat has had a long presence in India. Prior to FCA India, Fiat had a technical collaboration with Premier Automobiles, for the manufacture of the popular Padmini model, a small sedan based on the third generation Fiat 1100D dated from the early sixties. Fiat India's earlier products included the Uno, Siena and Palio. Fiat's sales in India failed to make any significant dent in the Indian auto market with total car sales amounting to 6 584 units in 2016. FCA will begin manufacturing the Jeep Compass SUV from June 2017 for a launch a couple of months later.


Ford India sold 176 858 cars in 2015 of which 99 143 were exported and 77 715 units sold in India. Domestic sales increased to 92 414 in 2016. Car export destinations include countries such as South Africa, the Middle East region and a few European countries. Ford operates two auto plants in India - Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Sanand (Gujarat). The latter facility has manufactured 100 000 cars till Sep '16. The two plants have an annual capacity to manufacture upto 480 000 cars and 610 000 engines.

Ford India's manufacturing complex located at Maraimalai Nagar, approx. 40 km southwest of central Chennai.
© 2005 Google, © 2006 Europa Technologies, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

General Motors (India) Ltd.

The capacity of GMIL's two manufacturing plants at Halol (Gujarat) and Talegaon (Maharashtra) have a combined capacity of 225,000 cars per annum. The Halol plant will be shutdown at the end of Apr 2017 due to an overall decrease of GM cars in India. SAIC is reported to be proceeding in a buyout of the GM facility. GM sold 32 540 cars in 2015/16.

Hindustan Motors Ltd. (production ended)

HM was a Kolkata based car manufacturer with manufacturing facilities at Uttarpara (West Bengal), Pithampur (Madhya Pradesh), Thiruvallur (Tamil Nadu) and Hosur (Karnataka). HM sold 9,211 motor vehicles in 2008-09 including Mitsubishi models. Ambassador (petrol, diesel and CNG) - Production of the Ambassador which was based on an early 50's Austin Oxford model ended in 2014. Over 800 000 Ambassadors were produced.

Image above: A Hindustan Contessa in Hyderabad. Contessas are now a rare sight on Indian roads. The Contessa's body is based on the early-seventies Vauxhall Victor (Opel Rekord). Production of the Contessa spanned two decades from 1982. Production ended in 2002. The Contessa was one of the few more luxurious cars built in India (alongwith the Standard Motors' Standard 2000 model) prior to economic reforms in the early nineties.


HMFCL-Mitsubishi manufactures Mitsubishi Pajero SUV's at its Thiruvallur plant located near Chennai.

Honda Cars India Ltd. (HCIL)

HCIL manufactures the Jazz, Brio, City, Civic, CR-V and Accord models. HCIL's two auto plants are located in Surajpur, Greater NOIDA, U.P and Tapukara (Bhiwadi), Rajasthan with a capacity to manufacture 100,000 cars per annum. Honda India's sales amounted to 192 059 cars during 2015/16. Honda began exporting Brio cars to South Africa/SADC countries in Oct '12 and exported a total of 5740 cars during 2015/16.

  • Honda Amaze Honda sold 35 388 units of the Amaze model in 2016.
  • Honda Brio
  • Honda Jazz - Honda's new supermini hatchback is powered by a 1.2 liter petrol engine with 89 bhp output. Production of the old Jazz model ended in March '13 and a new generation version was launched in 2014. Honda has sold ca 23 000 Jazz cars till Feb '13.
  • Honda Mobilio 7-seater MUV - production ended in 2017. HCIL sold a total of 40 789 Mobilio units since its launch in mid-2014.
  • Honda BR-V compact SUV
  • Honda City This popular sedan sold 57 619 units in 2016.
  • Honda CR-V Honda manufactures the CR-V model at its Greater NOIDA plant. A total of almost 13 000 CR-V's have been sold in India since its launch in 2003.
  • Honda Accord Hybrid

Hyundai Motor India Ltd.

Hyundai Motor India's two adjacent car plants at Irungattukotai near Chennai have a combined capacity of 600,000 cars per annum, the parent company's largest auto manufacturing facilities outside of South Korea. Domestic auto sales amounted to 500 537 units while exports fell slightly to 161 517 units in 2016. HMIL had produced 7 m cars by Nov 2016 of which over 2.4 m were exported.

Hyundai is launching its mid-sized Ioniq hybrid hatchback at the 2018 Auto Expo and could also be introducing the new 2017 i30 hatchback.

  • EON minicar
  • i10 minicar - i10 production ended in Mar 2017. HMIL produced close to 1.7 million units of the popular i10 model since its launch in 2007.
  • Grand i10 minicar
  • Xcent sedan
  • Elite i20 hatchback - The popular i20 hatchback has sold over 300 000 units since its launch in 2015.
  • i20 Active hatchback
  • Verna sedan
  • Elantra sedan
  • Tucson SUV
  • Creta SUV
  • Santa Fe SUV

HMIL's integrated manufacturing complex located in Irungattukottai, approx. 30 km west of central Chennai. A second plant was commissioned in Feb 2008 and is mainly used for the production of the i10 model. These plants form the hub of Hyundai's global small car production.
© 2005 Google, © 2006 Europa Technologies, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

International Cars and Motors Ltd.

ICML, a unit of the Sonalika Group, manufactures the Extreme MUV. ICML's auto plant is located at Amb, Himchal Pradesh and has a capacity to produce 24,000 units per annum.

Mahindra & Mahindra

M & M sold 506 625 motor vehicles (incl. 37 241 exported units) in 2016-17.

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. (MSIL)

MSIL began manufacturing Suzuki Alto model cars in Dec 1983 in Gurgaon after which it quickly overtook both Hindustan Motors and Premier Auto to become India's largest car manufacturer as early as the mid-eighties. The company's net sales amounted to ₹ 426 billion (2014/15) while total auto sales grew to 1.57 million units (incl. 124 000 cars exported) in 2016-17 (Apr-Mar). Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan has a 56.2 % stake in MSIL. MSIL's total auto production exceeded 15 million in May 2015 and car exports reached the 1.5 m mark in Sep '16.

MSIL currently operates four assembly plants including an auto/transmission/engine plant in Manesar (Haryana) through a joint venture (Maruti Suzuki Automobiles India) with Suzuki Motor Corp. MSIL has a total auto manufacturing capacity of 1.55 million units per annum. Suzuki Motor Corporation is building a greenfield auto plant in Hansalpur, Gujarat with an investment of  ₹ 185 billion. The plant is planned to commence car manufacturing in 2017.

Maruti's sprawling manufacturing complex in Gurgaon has a capacity to manufacture 700,000 cars per year. Maruti's total manufacturing capacity amounts to 900,000 million incl. plants at both Gurgaon and Manesar. Total car production amounted to 1.02 million units in 2009-10. The total capacity is expected to increase to 1.1 million by 2011. Maruti Suzuki cars are sold through 702 outlets in 478 cities and towns across India.
© 2005 Google, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

Mercedes-Benz India

Mercedes-Benz India's sales in 2016 amounted 13 231, a slight drop from the 13 252 cars sold in 2015. Total sales since 1995, starting with the assembly of the E-class W 124 model, would have crossed 50,000 in Jan '14. Mercedes-Benz range of cars also includes the luxurious Maybach sedan in limited numbers.

Two variants of the heavy-duty imported Actros range of tippers were launched in 2006. 240 trucks (Actros 4840K) were sold in 2008. The Mercedes-Benz plant located on a 100 acre site in Chakan, Maharashtra has a capacity to produce 10 000 cars (to be increased to 20 000) and 1,200 commercial vehicles per annum.

Nissan Motor India

Nissan sells its a range of six cars in the Indian market through a 95 dealer network. Nissan's production in India includes the Micra, Sunny and Terrano model at the Renault Nissan plant (capacity: 480 000 units pa) located near Chennai. Nissan Motor India sold 151 001 cars in 2015/16 of which export accounted for 111 612 units and domestic sales at a lower volume of 39 389 cars (57 315 in 2016/17). Total exports since Nissan began production in India has surpassed 700 000 units.

Premier Ltd.

Premier produces a compact SUV called the RiO with total sales till date (Nov '11) amounting to ca 2000 units. Premier, the erstwhile manufacturer of the Premier Padmini small sedan made a comeback with the launch of the RiO mini SUV, based on the Chinese Zotye Nomad model. The RiO is reasonably priced at less than ₹ 500 000 and is powered by the Peugeot TUD5 1.5 l diesel engine. Premier also manufactures LCV's.

Renault India

Renault India's current range of cars include the Fluence and Scala sedans, Pulse hatchback, Lodgy MPV, Duster crossover, Koleos SUV and the KWID hatchback. Renault sold 135 123 cars in 2016/17.

Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.

Mahindra Reva produces the Mahindra e2o, a 3-door compact electric car.

Škoda Auto India Ltd.

Škoda Auto India's product range includes a range of cars assembled at Škoda's Aurangabad plant, ŠkodaAuto's first auto assembly plant setup outside of Europe. The current capacity is 50,000 units per annum. Škoda sold 12 699 cars in the first ten months of 2015/16. Škoda Auto has established itself in the Indian market having produced around 230 000 cars (early 2017) since the end of 2001.

Tata Motors Ltd.

Tata Motors is India's largest (2015-16 gross revenues - ₹ 2756 bn) and is ranked among the largest medium and heavy commercial vehicle manufacturers. Tata Motors sold 542 561 units in 2016/17. Domestic car sales amounted to 153 151 units while utility and commercial vehicles sales added upto 325 211 units in 2016/17. Exports amounted to 64 199 vehicles in the same year.

Tata's low-cost (approx. 2,500 USD) people's car, the 4-door Nano, was unveiled at the AutoExpo 2008 in Delhi and launched on Mar 23 '09. Tata invested approx. ₹ 17 bn developing and producing the Nano. A dedicated auto plant (with an annual production capacity of 250,000 units) for the Nano at Sanang, Gujarat was inaugurated in June '10. Tata unveiled the Nano Europa (export variant) and Indica Vista EV (Electric Vehicle) at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd. (TMML) manufactures fully built buses and coaches incl. low-floor intra-city models.

Tata Starbus
A sleek DTC Tata intracity Starbus in central Delhi. Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland made low-floor buses are used on an increasing number of bus routes throughout Delhi comprising a fleet of over 600 buses (total bus fleet is 3,850), a few of which are AC CNG buses. Delhi's first Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) pilot route (5.8 km in length) was launced in April '08 on a trial bases. The 14.5 km route, once completed, will run from Dr. Ambedkar Nagar to Delhi Gate. The BRTS is supervised by DIMTS. By 2010 Delhi's bus fleet should be contemporary by any standards. Quite a few other Indian urban transport companies, including those operating in Bangalore, Chennai, Pune, Indore, Kolkata, Mysore, Navi Mumbai and Mumbai (54 cities in total) are gradually deploying modern buses under a funding scheme provided by the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) for the financing of new passenger transport equipment (14,240 buses as of Feb '09). The majority of intracity buses in India are built on Ashok Leyland or Tata truck chassis which make them rather uncomfortable and entry/exit difficult.
Tata Indigo dashboard
A view of the dashboard of a Tata Indigo. Tata has sold over a million Indicas/Indigo cars.

Tata GenX Nano Tata's low-cost minicar was launched on March 23rd '09. Deliveries began in July '09 with sales tallying to 77,000 till the end of 2010. The Nano is powered by a two-cylinder 35 PS 624cc rear-mounted engine with a top speed of 105 km/h. Although only 3.1 m long (a tad longer than the Morris Mini), the Nano is very tall at 1.6 m and boasts 20 % more space than the Maruti 800 (based on the early 80's Suzuki Alto). Three variants with different trim levels are available.

Toyota Kirloskar Motor

Toyota Kirloskar sold 142 50 cars in 2016-17. The Toyota factory site is located at Bidadi, Karnataka and consists of two auto plants with a total capacity of 310 000 units.

Volkswagen India

Volkswagen operates an auto plant in Chakan near Pune (Maharashtra) which churned out 145 145 cars in 2016. The plant manufactures VW Tiguan SUV, VW Vento, Polo and Škoda Rapid models and rolled out its 400 000th manufactured car in July '14. VW Jetta and Passat models are assembled at Škoda's plant located in Aurangabad.

Commercial Vehicle Manufacturers/Importers

Atul Auto manufactures a range of three-wheelers from its plant located in Shapar, near Rajkot (Gujarat).
Cerita manufactures buses for various segments including intercity buses.
AMW manufactures heavy-duty trucks (tractors and tippers) at a plant located in Bhuj, Gujarat. AMW has produced some 10,000 trucks till date (Feb '10).
Ashok Leyland manufactures Iveco trucks in addition to buses and other light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles. The company sold 145 066 vehicles in 2016-17.
Daimler sold 13 081 trucks in 2016 and over 40 000 units since launching the BharatBenz range of trucks in 2012. Exports increased to 4 000 units. DICV's plant is located in Oragadam, Tamil Nadu producing a range of light, medium and heavy-duty trucks in the range of 9 to 49 tons.


The Force Motors (erstwhile Bajaj Tempo) product portfolio includes a range of LCV's, utility and commercial vehicles. Force Motors has also planned a joint venture with Neoman for the manufacture of chassis and complete buses.

MAN Trucks India Pvt. Ltd.
Scania has produced more than 1500 trucks and 250 buses at its two Indian plants.
See car section
Volvo India manufactures FM12 and FM9 series rigid/trailer trucks. Volvo also manufactures buses (capacity: 1800 units pa). Volvo's Hoskote (Karnataka) plant has an installed capacity of 4000 trucks pa. in double shifts. Volvo has sold some 1,600 trucks and 1,600 buses since 2001. Volvo sold around 700 buses in 2012. Volvo is exporting trucks to South Korea in addition to some of the neighbouring countries. A new joint-venture, Volvo Bus BodyTechnologies, manufactures bus bodies in a plant located at Hoskote, Karnataka. A target has been set to sell 450 buses, including a new version of the Volvo 9400 inter-city model, this year.
VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.
Tatra Vectra Motors manufactures off-road Tatra trucks (7,000 till date). Tatra plans to launch a highway transportation vehicle to the existing range of HCV's on offer.
Luxury coach manufacturer
Luxury coach manufacturer
Coach manufacturer manufacturing a range of buses, motor homes, special utility vehicles, trailers and cargo boxes.
Ural India, an Indo-Russian joint-venture, manufactures of URALAZ medium and heavy commercial vehicles. Ural India's plant is located at Haldia, West Bengal.
Premier manufactures the Roadstar, a small truck for intra-city transport.


Produces the Ambylimo, a stretched fully equipped Hindustan Ambassador limousine.

Two Wheeler Manufacturers

Mahindra Two Wheelers manufactures the Stallio motorcycle and various scooter models. The company sold 134,570 units in 2011-12.
Lohia Auto manufactures electric scooters at its plant located in Kashipur, Uttarakhand.
Hero MotoCorp Honda, the world's largest two-wheeler manufacturer, sold 6.66 million units (mainly motorcycles) in 2016-17. The company has plants located at Dharuhera (Haryana), Gurgaon (Haryana), Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Neemrana (Rajasthan). Net income amounted to ₹ 290 billion in 2015-16.
India's second largest two/three-wheeler manufacturer (2015-16 net sales ₹ 223 bn) and the world's third largest in terms of volumes. Bajaj Auto sold 3.9 million units during 2015/16. Bajaj Auto's three plants are located at Waluj (Aurangabad, Maharashtra), Chakan (Dist. Pune) and Pantnagar Uttarakhand.
TVS Motor Co., the eight largest 2-wheeler manufacture in the world, recorded net sales of ₹ 223 bn and sold 3.34 million two-wheelers in 2015-16. TVS's plant is located at Hosur, Karnataka. TVS launched it first 3-wheeler, the TVS King, on March 9 '08. The 3-wheeler segment was till now dominated by Bajaj Auto and Piaggio.
TVS Apache
Honda manufactures scooters and motorcycles at four plants located in Manesar (Haryana), Tapukara (Rajasthan), Vithalapur (Gujarat) and Narsapura (Karnataka). The company sold 5.008 million two-wheelers in 2016-17. Exports amounted to 283 153 units.
Yamaha Motor India sold 786 000 motorcycles in India in 2016 in addition to exports.
LML sold approx. 75 000 two-wheelers in 2005-06. LML manufactures lifestyle motorcycles (150 cc), motorcycles (110 to 125 cc) and scooters (150 cc).
Kinetic Engineering produced 122 012 motorbikes, scooters and mopeds in 2005-06, including Hyosung Motors (South Korea) GF-series motorbikes.
Majestic Auto sold 32 067 mopeds in 2005-06.
Manufacturer of the legendary "Bullet" motorcycles. The Indian Police and defence forces use "Bullet" motorcycles. Royal Enfield sold 452 812 motorcycles (incl. export of 8 285 units) in 2015. Royal Enfield operates two factories located at Chennai and Jaipur.
Monto Motors manufactures the Avanti range of mopeds, motorbikes, off road bikes, ATVs and trollies.
This division of ElectroTherm, manufactures YObykes electric two-wheelers in a factory located in Kutch. Future products include electric three/four wheelers and hybrid electric buses.
Suzuki Motorcycle India sold over 350 000 motorcycles in 2016-17.
Ultra Motor manufactures electric scooters in its plant at Hyderabad. A second plant is coming up at Maneasr, Haryana. The company expects to sell around 35,000 units in 2008-09.

Three Wheeler Manufacturers

PVPL manufactures diesel three-wheelers (pick-ups, delivery vans and passenger vehicles) at its Baramati (Maharashtra) plant. PVPL has announced plans to manufacture LCV's and possibly two-wheelers.
Government owned Scooters India Ltd. (1998-99 turnover: 1.36 billion Rupees) produced over 16,000 Vikram range of three-wheelers last year. SIL produces an electric 3-wheeler, the Vikram-EV. Vikram-EV is driven by a DC motor capable of delivering 7.5 bhp. A gas powered three-wheeler is also under development.
KAL produced 7240 three-wheelers in 1999-00.

Tractor Manufacturers

Manufactures tractors and diesel engines at a plant located at Ranipet, Tamil Nadu. The company, a subsidiary of Italy's Same Deutz-Fahr, plans to expand its capacity to 11,000 units per annum by 2010.
LTJD's tractor plant is located at Sanaswadi, near Pune.
HMT Tractors
TAFE (Tractors And Farm Equipment Ltd.)
The world's largest (volume wise) tractor manufacturer sold 159,000 tractors in 2009.
Mahindra USA Inc.
Punjab Tractors sold 25 600 tractors in 2004-05 (revenue ₹ 6 bn). Punjab Tractors is the largest manufacturer of Harvester Combines in India.
Sonalika ITL sold a record 81 531 range of tractors in 2016-17. The tractor range spans from 20 upto 110 HP.
Escorts sold 51 455 tractors in 2015-2016.
New Holland Tractors sold 9 714 tractors in 2004. The company has invested ca USD 100 m in India and exports Indian made tractors to 2 countries. New Holland expects a turnover of ₹ 5 bn in 2005.

Earth Moving, Material Handling and Construction Machinery Manufacturers

JCB India Ltd.
Escorts Construction Equipment Ltd.
Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML)
Caterpillar India
L&T-Komatsu Ltd.
Voltas India

Automotive Parts Manufacturers

Ashok Leyland - Leyparts
Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd.(TACO), India
Clutch Auto Ltd.
India Pistons Ltd.
Bharat Gears
Bharat Forge
Motherson Sumi
Exide Industries
Rico Auto
Bosch India
Amtek Auto
Sono Koyo

Tyre Manufacturers

Tyre Statistics

  • Indian tyre production (FY 2014/15) estimate: 146 million units
  • Indian tyre exports (FY 2014-15): 8.7 million units
  • Indian passenger car, truch and bus tyre imports (FY 2011-12): 6.5 million units
Automotive Tyre Manufacturers' Association
Goodyear India
Apollo Tyres
Michelin India
MRF Tyres
TVS Srichakra Ltd.
Ceat Tyres
JK Tyre