Overview of the Indian Auto Industry

India was the sixth largest motor vehicle/car manufacturer in the world in 2015¹. Indian auto manufacturers produced a record 23.4 milion motor vehicles in 2014-15 (Apr-Mar), incl. 3.22 million passenger vehicles. India is the largest manufacturer of three-wheelers (949 000 in 2014-15) and the eighth largest commercial vehicle (697 000 in 2014-15). Two-wheeler production reached 18.5 m units in the same year. India is the largest tractor manufacturing country (around 1/3 of global output) with a total domestic sales of 494 000 units in 2015-16. Construction vehicle production was approx. 59 000 in 2014. 2.03 million passengers cars were sold in India in 2015. The total turnover of the auto manufacturers amounted to USD 67 billion in 2012-13.

India is the second largest motorcycle (10.5 million produced in 2015 of a total of over 16.1 m two-wheelers) and the fourth largest commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world. Over 13 million people work directly or indirectly in the auto industry. Indian passenger vehicle exports amounted to 622,000 units in 2014-15, while 2.46 m two-wheelers (mainly motorcycles) and 408 000 three wheelers were shipped overseas in the same year.

The total turnover of the Indian automotive component industry was estimated at USD 38½ billion in 2014-15. Auto ancillary exports fetched USD 11.2 bn in the same year while the total turnover of India's vehicle tyre industry amounted to an estimated ₹ 450 billion in 2013-14. The total number of registered motor vehicles on Indian roads reached 182 million in March 2013 of which 24.9 million were cars, taxis and jeeps (2013).

Established auto manufacturers and new entrants in the Indian auto market have expanded their production capacities on a large scale. Such companies include Maruti-Suzuki, GM, Tata Motors, Nissan-Renault, VW Group, Toyota, Honda and Hyundai.

¹ Source: OICA (The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers 2015 Statistics)

Domestic Motor Vehicle Sales (Apr 2015 - Mar 2016)

  • Passenger Vehicles: 2.79 million units
  • Commercial Vehicles: 0.69 m
  • Two-wheelers: 16.5 m
  • Three-wheelers: 0.54 m
  • TOTAL: 20.47 million units

Video clip: Road traffic in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Video clips: Rush hour traffic in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Above video clips: Hyderabad's total motor vehicle population amounted to 1.76 million as at Oct 2007. Road congestion and air pollution, due to a rapid growth in the number of private vehicles and road infrastructure not keeping pace with the growth in vehicle volumes, is a problem as in all the other major urban areas of India. Hyderabad also lacks an efficient and extensive public transport. A metro rail system is under construction in the city.

Chevrolet dealer
A Chevrolet dealer showroom in Bangalore. Models sold in India under the Chevrolet brand include Cruze, Spark, Beat, Sail, Tavera and Trailbrazer.

Number of Registered Motor Vehicles (in thousands) in Major Cities - March 2012
City Cars All Motor Vehicles
Ahmedabad 240 1 682
Delhi 2 172 7 350
Bengaluru 801 4 156
Chennai 653 3 768
Kolkata 222 496
Hyderabad 558 3 387
Pune 332 2 267
Lucknow 183 1 315
Mumbai 618 2 029

Auto News, Blogs, Journals and Portals

Indian Emission Standards >>

Auto Expos/Organizations

Auto Statistics

Indian Manufacturers/Imported Cars - 2015/16 (April-March) Sales

Manufacturer Domestic Exports Total
Maruti Suzuki India 1 305 351 123 897 1 429 248
Hyundai Motor India 484 324 167 268 651 592
Honda Cars India 192 059 5 740 197 799
Tata Motors 107 808 3 264 111 072
GM India 37 082  
Nissan India 39 389 111 612 151 001
Ford India 77 715 (2015) 110 840 176 858 (2015)
Toyota Kirloskar Motor 172 241  
Renault India 53 847 (2015)  
Volkswagen India   75 989  
BMW India 6 812 (2015)  
Mercedes-Benz India 13 558 (2015)  
Jaguar Land Rover ~3000 (2015)  
Fiat-Chrysler India 8 575 (2015)  
Volvo 1 423 (2015)  
Audi India 11 192 (2015)  

Domestic Car Sales Modelwise 2004-11

Model2004/052006 2007-08 2008 2009 2010
2011
2007-08: Indicates April 2007-March 2008, FY09=Apr'08-Mar'09
06-07: Indicates April 2006-March 2007
* Incl. of exports
** Apr-Dec 2006
¹ Estimate
² 2004-05
³ 2003-04
@ 04/04-12/04
Aston Martin             ca 30 a year (2013)
Audi A4 - - 102 1,050 (All Audi models) 1,658 (All Audi models)
3,003 ( all models)
5,511 (All models)
Audi A6 105 (all Audi models-'05) 300 (all Audi models) 349 (all Audi models) 111 (Jan-Apr) 396
Audi A8-- 172 1,050 (all Audi models)  
Audi Q5          
Audi Q7--   350  
Audi RS 5              
Audi R8 - - - 15  
Audi TT5 (2005)na     
Bentley2028     
ca 300 since 2003
BMW 3 Series-- 946 1,075 (FY09) 1,155
2,220 (Jan-Nov)
2788 (2012)
BMW 5 Series-- 822 1,352 (FY09) 1,590
2,030 (Jan-Nov)
2618 (2012)
BMW 6 series, X3 and X5 ca 40 (X5) 257 (all models) 83   4 (6 series, Mar)
BMW 7 Series-- 251 279 (FY09)  
BMW X1            
2461 (2012)
BMW X3, X5 and X6          
16 (Jan)
X3 930 (2012)
BMW Z4 Roadster        
25
Chevrolet Aveo - - 5,624 1,174 (Jan) 746 (Feb)
364 (Jan)
Chevrolet Aveo U-VA - - 11,523
434 (Jan)
Chevrolet Beat          
2,825 (Jan)
Chevrolet Captiva - - 607 2,134 (FY09) 201 (Feb)
72 (Jan)
Chevrolet Cruze        
812 (Oct)
686 (Jan)
Chevrolet Forester (discontd.) 260 (2003-2005) - - - -
-
-
Chevrolet Optra Magnum9 191na 6,058 (inc. SR-V model) 1287 (Jan-Mar) 89 (Feb)
51 (Jan)
Chevrolet Spark-- 22,060 7,265 (Jan-Mar) 2,940 (Feb)
3,477 (Jan)
Chevrolet SRV          
Chevrolet Tavera18 622 (2005)na 20,671 4,892 (Jan-Mar) 945 (Feb)
1,512 (Jan)
Ferrari              
Fiat Grande Punto - - - -
~9,000 (Jun-Nov)
8,401 (all models in Apr-Jul)
Fiat Linea - - -
4,512 (FY09)
~ 12,000 (Jan-Nov)
Fiat Palio Stile791 (05-06) 1,614 (06-07) 3,303   
Fiat Petra/Adventure (discontd.)454 (05-06) 584 (06-07)     
Fiat 500 - - - ca 30 till Sept  
ca 65 till Jun '10
Force Trax - - 7,053 -  
Ford EcoSport              
Ford Endeavour1 818 (05-06)na 2,916 2,780 (FY09) 184 (Oct)
51,420 (all models Jan-May)
Ford Fiestaca 3 500na 22,855   
Ford Figo - - - - -
58,000 (till Nov)
Ford Fusion (discontd.)329²na 2,678   
Ford Ikon (discontd.)24 536na 4,797   
Ford Mondeo (discontd.)25² (05-06) 0    
Hindustan Ambassador12 740na 8,487   
Honda Accord3 324 (05-06)2,728 (06-07) 2,133 4,108 (FY09) 948 (Jan-Apr)
288 (Jan)
Honda Amaze              
Honda Brio              
Honda City37 545 (2005-06)40,464 (06-07) 40,536 (incl. Marina STW)   18,482 (Jan-Apr)
4,485 (Jan)
Honda Civicna16,262 (06-07) 16,723   2,386 (Jan-Apr)
644 (Jan)
Honda CR-V1 858 (05-06)1,873 (06-07) 3,425   501 (Jan-Mar)
76 (Jan)
Honda Jazz        
3,069 (Jun-Jul)
490 (Jan)
Hyundai Accent24 383na 8,274   
Hyundai Elantra (discontd.)2 331 (2005) 1,683 (06-07)  10 (Mar)  
Hyundai Eon              
Hyundai Getz Prime5 483na 16,787 9,442 (FY09)  
Hyundai i10-- 14,451 (2007) 106,110 (FY09) 24,990 (till Mar 12)
Hyundai i20-- - 4,991 (FY09) 4,940 (Oct)
Hyundai Santa Fe              
Hyundai Santro Xing103 301² 163,838 (06-07) 121,163 91,466 (FY09)  
Hyundai Sonata806 (2005)506 577 486 (FY09) 232 (Jan-Apr)
29 (Jan)
Hyundai Terracan (discontd.)318³   -
Hyundai Tucson884 (March-Nov 05)533 (incl. Terracan) 188 50 (FY09) 13 (Jan-Apr)
Hyundai Vernanana 24,370 2,132 (Feb)  
5,502 (Jan)
ICML Rhino--     
Jaguar        
242 (incl. Land Rover)
891 (Apr-Mar '11) incl. Land Rovers
2289 (Apr-Mar'12) incl. Land Rovers
Lamborghini          
ca 17 (2012)
Land Roverca 30na   ~90 (2008) 242 (incl. Jaguar)
35 (Jan)
Mahindra Bolero - - 51,009 55,924 (FY09)  
Mahindra Max - - - 3,000 (Apr08-Feb09)  
Mahindra Scorpio31,661 (05-06)38,015 (06-07) 41,443 27,000 (Apr08-Feb09) 3,200 (Mar)
ca 44,000 ('10-'11)
Mahindra Thar              
Mahindra XUV500              
Mahindra Xylo--- 7,201 (FY09) ~10,500 (Jan-Apr)
Maruti 800116 262²79,245 (06-07) 69,553 49,383 (FY09) 9,915 (Apr-Jul)
Maruti A-Star - - -
15,736 (FY09)
2,784 (Jun)
2,494 (Jan)
Maruti Alto126 223²200,000+ (Apr06-Feb07) 227,173 218,127 (FY09) 240,000
Maruti Baleno (discontd.)6 521na     
Maruti DZire - - 5,658 61,952 (FY09)  
8,995 incl. SX4 (Jan)
Maruti Esteem (discontd.)18 379na 12,485   
Maruti Grand Vitaranana 795 270 (FY09)  
Maruti Gypsynana 3,132 7,219 (FY09)  
Maruti Kizashi          
103 (Mar '11)
Maruti Omni60 377²na 88,273   
Maruti Ritz        
6,214 (Jun)
Maruti Swift34 463 (May-Nov 05)na 88,745 110,071 (FY09)  
Maruti SX4 - - 31,192 1,953 (Feb)  
Maruti Versa4 291³na 1,456 1,440 (FY09)  
Maruti Wagon R79 712²na 132,727 134,768 (FY09) 140,000
163,000 (Apr-Mar '11)
Maruti Estilo65 345²na 50,635 (Zen and Estilo) 32,694 (FY09)  
Mercedes C-Class785883 1,127 1,765 1,607
5,109 (All models, Jan-Nov)
6,698 (all models Jan-Nov)
Mercedes E-Class825 (05)922 1,048 1,167 1,048
245 (Jan)
Mercedes S-Class144 (2005)248 518 561 467
22 (Jan)
Mercedes CLS/SLK/SL/CLK/M  na 118 141 (incl. 80 M-class) 125 (models other than C,E and S class)
6 CBU imports(Jan)
Maybach3 ('04 and '05)na na   
Mini Cooper              
Mitsubishi Lancer/Cedia2 509na 2,582 1,570 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Outlander-- - 278 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Pajero/Monteronana 1,676 1,814 (FY09)  
Nissan 370Z          
4 (Jan-Aug)
Nissan Micra          
~6,000 (Jul-Nov)
10,247 (H1)
Nissan Teana-- 347 58 (FY09) 207 (FY10)
179 (Apr-Nov)
58 (H1)
Nissan X-Trail253 (2005)250 173 100 (FY09)  
50 (Jul)
157 (H1)
Opel Corsa (discontd)8 369na - - -
-
-
Porsche (various models)ca 100 (2005)160 168 168  
Premier Rio          
Mahindra Verito (Renault Logan)-- 25,884 13,419 (FY09) 2,520 (Feb-Apr)
555 (Jan)
Mahindra Reva          
Renault Fluence            
290 (Jun)
Renault Koleos            
Rolls-Royce 5 (2005) 7 (2006) 12 (2007) 14 (2008) <10 (2009)
80 (2010)
ca 250 till date (end 2013)
San Stormnana     
Škoda Fabia - - 1,906 6,634  
5,510 (Jan-Mar) all Škoda models
9,257 (H1)
Škoda Octavia/Laura9 559 (05-06)11,433 10,944 7,459 (FY09)  
3,519 (H1)
Škoda Rapid              
Škoda Superbna769 586 694 (FY09) 541 (Apr-Jun)
2,078 (H1)
Škoda Yeti            
1,310 (H1)
Ssanyong Rexton              
Tata Aria              
Tata Indica111 574 (05-06)144,690 (06-07) 135,642 111,257 (FY09) 91,295 (Apr-Jan '10)
11,448 (Jan)
Tata Indigo/Indigo XL/Indigo CS39 377 (05-06)34,310 (06-07) 31,416 49,190 (FY09) 41,724 (Apr-Jan '10)
7,258 (Jan)
Tata Marina2 050na     
Tata Nano        
21,535 (Jul-Jan '10)
77,000 (till12/10)
Tata Safari4 692 (05-06)15,816 (06-07) 19,078   25,630 (Sumo+Safari: Apr-Jan '10)
3,538 (Safari/Sumo Jan)
Tata Sumo / Sumo Victa33 213 (05-06)32,077 (06-07) 28,622    
Tata Sumo Grande/MKII          
Tata Vista          
Tata Xenon XT--- 161 (FY09)  
Toyota Camry794 (2005) 1,001 (06-07) 988 182 (Apr-Jun) 44 (Apr-Jun)
120 (H1)
Toyota Corolla Altis8 974 (2005)na 6,204  9,172
4,901 (H1)
Toyota Etios            
20,765 (H1)
Toyota Etios Liva        
3,154
 
737 (Jun)
Toyota Fortuner        
~3,100 (Aug-Dec)
5,475 (H1)
Toyota Innova32 000 (2005)na 48,069  42,740
25,307 (H1)
Toyota Land Cruiser 200              
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado162 (2005)na 141 109 (FY09)  
Toyota Prius              
Toyota Qualis (discontd.)31 759²na     
VW New Beetle          
ca 240 till Jun '10
88 (H1)
VW Jetta--   1,566 (all VW models) 1,957 (Jan-Aug: all VW models)
975 (H1)
VW Passat--      
27,946 (Vento and Polo)
383 (H1)
VW Phaeton            
58 (till Jun '11)
VW Polo            
20,127 (H1)
VW Touareg--      
VW Vento - - - - -  
17,555 (H1)
Volvo V40 Cross Country              
Volvo S60              
Volvo S80-- ca 100 (all Volvo) ca 90 ( all Volvo models)  
320 (all models)
Volco XC60              
Volvo XC90--     

Monthly Domestic Sales Figures (units) - 2010/2011/2015

Passenger CarsCommercial VehiclesTwo-Wheelers
2015      
October 265,000    
January 227,000    
2011      
November 171,131 66,264 1,163,294
2010
December 148,681
November
161,497
October
183,000
51,000
1,128,000
September
182,000
August
160,794
52,030
957,304
July
158,764
June
141,184
933,101
January
145,905
53,447
834,383

Monthly Domestic Sales Figures (units) - 2009

Passenger CarsCommercial VehiclesTwo-Wheelers
November 133,687 40,847  
September 129,683 45,451  
August 120,669 40,624 776,777
June 107,531 36,193 706,000
May 113,490 30,800 727,937
April 102,899 29,842 700,995
February 115,386 31,069 ~630,000
January 110,212 23,157 581,742

Monthly Domestic Sales Figures (units) - 2008

Passenger CarsCommercial VehiclesTwo-Wheelers
November 83,059 20,637 567,502
October 98,900 28,027 678,245
September 108,823 42,698 778,424
August 94,584    
July 113,817 34,359 599,369
May 110,743 35,294 647,358
April 130,013 33,271 616,038
February94,75645,059542,578
January113,899829,569

Automotive Research

Imported Car Brand

ASTON MARTIN
Aston Martin has two dealerships in India, one in Mumbai and another one in Delhi.
BENTLEY
Bentley offers five models through its New Delhi showroom, including the Arnage (RL saloon), Azure convertible, Brooklands coupe (two allocated to India), Continental GT sports coupe, Continental Flying Spur sports coupe and the Continental Flying Spur Speed super sedan. Bentley has sold over 100 cars in India since its launch in 2003. Bentley allocates limited numbers for each of its markets and sales for for 2008 were estimated atl 30-35 units. Ex-showroom (Delhi) prices range from ₹ 16.5 m (Continental Flying Spur) to ₹ 40 m (Brooklands coupe).
BUGATTI
Bugatti launched its Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport sports car in Oct '10 with a price tag starting at ₹ 165 million.
FERRARI/MASERATI
National Garage of Mumbai is the dealer for Ferrari and Maserati cars. Models available include the 430 Modena and Ferrari Scaglietti and Maserati Quattroporte. A few Maseratis have already been sold.
JAGUAR INDIA
Jaguar offerings include the XF, XJ and XK models. Jaguar commenced assembly of its XF in India in Jan '13 and presently assembles the XF and XJ models. JLR sold 2 913 cars in 2014.
LAMBORGHINI
Exclusive Motors is Lamborghini's distributor in India. The Gallardo, Gallardo Spyder and Murcielago models are available at price tags of ₹ 16.5 m, ₹ 18.5 m and ₹ 30 million respectively. Six cars were sold by July 2006. Other Lamborghini models include the Gellardo Superleggera. Lamborghini sold 11 cars in 2008.
LAND ROVER INDIA
JLR assembles the Freelander 2 and Range Rover Evoque models in India.
PORSCHE CARS INDIA PVT LTD
Porsche has showrooms in Gurgaon, Kolkata, Kochi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Ahmedabad. Porsche has sold around 650 cars till Oct '08 (150 in 2008). Porsche sells Boxster, Cayman, 911 coupe models, Panamera sports sedan and the Macan and Cayenne SUVs.
ROLLS-ROYCE
Roll-Royce cars are sold through RR dealers located in Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. Rolls-Royce has managed to sell a dozen or so cars annually during the last few years. India is now RR's third largest market in the Asia-Pacific region with estimated sales at over 250 cars since the marque was relaunched in India in 2005. Earlier on India was a major market for Rolls-Royces. According to John M. Faisal, an automobile historian, as many as 900 cars with the famous Spirit of Ecstasy mascot on the bonnet were sold to Indian princes before 1947. Read more here: Maharajas' rendezvous with Rolls-Royce >>
VOLVO CAR INDIA
Volvo has 16 dealers located in Mumbai, Delhi, Gurgaon, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Kochi, Hyderabad, Pune, Vizag and Chennai. Car models on sale include the V40 hatchback, S60 sedan, S60 Cross Country and S80 sedan, XC60, XC90 SUV and V40 Cross Country. These car models are priced at approx. ₹ 4 million and ₹ 5 million respectively and are imported from Volvo's Gothenburg factory in Sweden. Volvo sold 1 423  cars in 2015, a substantial increase from 1202 cars sold in 2014.

Passenger Car/Utility Vehicle Manufacturers

AUDI INDIA

Audi sells the A3, A4, A6, A7, A8, Q3, Q5, Q7, S4, S6, RS 5 Coupe, RS 7 Sportback, TT Coupe, and R8 range of models. Audi competes in a niche market along with BMW and Mercedes cars and sold 11 192 cars in 2015. Audi assembles the A4, A6, Q3, Q5 and Q7 models at ŠkodaAuto's plant located at Aurangabad, Maharashtra while the other models are imported from Ingolstadt, Germany. Audi cars are available through over 60 dealers across India.

BMW INDIA PVT. LTD.

BMW has an assembly plant with an annual capacity of 14 000 units in Chenglepet located near Chennai that rolled out its 25,000th BMW car in Jul '12. The plant assembles BMW X3, X5, 3, 5 and 7 series models. The present local content in the assembled cars is around 10 per cent. The current annual capacity of the plant is 11,000 cars. BMW imports the 7 series and the X3/X5 SUV's and the new X6 Sport Activity Coupe. BMW sells its cars through a network of 40 dealers. BMW sold 6 812 cars in 2015.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) India

Fiat has had a long presence in India. Prior to FCA India, Fiat had a technical collaboration with Premier Automobiles, for the manufacture of the popular Padmini model, a small sedan based on the third generation Fiat 1100D dated from the early sixties. Fiat India's earlier products included the Uno, Siena and Palio. Fiat's sales in India amounted to 8 575 cars in 2015.

FORD INDIA LTD.

Ford India sold 176 858 cars in 2015 of which 99 143 were exported and 77 715 units sold in India. Car export destinations include countries such as South Africa, the Middle East region and a few European countries. Ford operates two auto plants in India - Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Sanand (Gujarat). The latter facility has manufactured 100 000 cars till Sep '16. The two plants have an annual capacity to manufacture upto 480 000 cars and 610 000 engines.


Ford India's manufacturing complex located at Maraimalai Nagar, approx. 40 km southwest of central Chennai.
© 2005 Google, © 2006 Europa Technologies, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

General Motors (India) Ltd.

The capacity of GMIL's manufacturing planta at Halol (Gujarat) and Talegaon (Maharashtra) have a combined capacity of 225,000 cars per annum.

Hindustan Motors Ltd. (production ended)

HM was a Kolkata based car manufacturer with manufacturing facilities at Uttarpara (West Bengal), Pithampur (Madhya Pradesh), Thiruvallur (Tamil Nadu) and Hosur (Karnataka). HM sold 9,211 motor vehicles in 2008-09 including Mitsubishi models. Ambassador (petrol, diesel and CNG) - Production of the Ambassador which was based on an early 50's Austin Oxford model ended in 2014. Over 800 000 Ambassadors were produced.


Image above: A Hindustan Contessa in Hyderabad. Contessas are now a rare sight on Indian roads. The Contessa's body is based on the early-seventies Vauxhall Victor (Opel Rekord). Production of the Contessa spanned two decades from 1982. Production ended in 2002. The Contessa was one of the few more luxurious cars built in India (alongwith the Standard Motors' Standard 2000 model) prior to economic reforms in the early nineties.

HMFCL-Mitsubishi

HMFCL-Mitsubishi manufactures Mitsubishi Pajero SUV's at its Thiruvallur plant located near Chennai.

Honda Cars India Ltd. (HCIL)

HCIL manufactures the Jazz, Brio, City, Civic, CR-V and Accord models. HCIL's two auto plants are located in Surajpur, Greater NOIDA, U.P and Tapukara (Bhiwadi), Rajasthan with a capacity to manufacture 100,000 cars per annum. Honda India's sales amounted to 192 059 cars during 2015/16. Honda began exporting Brio cars to South Africa/SADC countries in Oct '12 and exported a total of 5740 cars during 2015/16.

  • Honda Amaze
  • Honda Brio
  • Honda Jazz - Honda's new supermini hatchback is powered by a 1.2 liter petrol engine with 89 bhp output. Production of the old Jazz model ended in March '13 and a new generation version was launched in 2014. Honda has sold ca 23 000 Jazz cars till Feb '13.
  • Honda Mobilio 7-seater MUV
  • Honda BR-V compact SUV
  • Honda City This popular sedan has sold over 123,000 units since its launch in 1998.
  • Honda CR-VHonda manufactures the CR-V model at its Greater NOIDA plant. A total of almost 13 000 CR-V's have been sold in India since its launch in 2003.

Hyundai Motor India Ltd.

Hyundai Motor India's two adjacent car plants at Irungattukotai near Chennai have a combined capacity of 600,000 cars per annum, the parent company's largest auto manufacturing facilities outside of South Korea. Domestic auto sales amounted to 484 324 units while exports tallied at 167 268 units during 2015-16. HMIL had produced 7 m cars by Nov 2016 of which over 2.4 m were exported.


HMIL's integrated manufacturing complex located in Irungattukottai, approx. 30 km west of central Chennai. A second plant was commissioned in Feb 2008 and is mainly used for the production of the i10 model. These plants form the hub of Hyundai's global small car production.
© 2005 Google, © 2006 Europa Technologies, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

International Cars and Motors Ltd.

ICML, a unit of the Sonalika Group, manufactures the Extreme MUV. ICML's auto plant is located at Amb, Himchal Pradesh and has a capacity to produce 24,000 units per annum.

Mahindra & Mahindra

M & M sold 236 307 passenger vehicles in 2015-16.

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. (MSIL)

MSIL began manufacturing Suzuki Alto model cars in Dec 1983 in Gurgaon after which it quickly overtook both Hindustan Motors and Premier Auto to become India's largest car manufacturer as early as the mid-eighties. The company's net sales amounted to ₹ 426 billion (2014/15) while total auto sales grew to 1.43 million units (incl. 124 000 cars exported) in 2015-16 (Apr-Mar). Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan has a 56.2 % stake in MSIL. MSIL's total auto production exceeded 15 million in May 2015 and car exports reached the 1.5 m mark in Sep '16.

MSIL currently operates four assembly plants including an auto/transmission/engine plant in Manesar (Haryana) through a joint venture (Maruti Suzuki Automobiles India) with Suzuki Motor Corp. MSIL has a total auto manufacturing capacity of 1.55 million units per annum. Suzuki Motor Corporation is building a greenfield auto plant in Gujarat with an investment of  ₹ 185 billion. The plant is planned to commence car manufacturing in 2017.


Maruti's sprawling manufacturing complex in Gurgaon has a capacity to manufacture 700,000 cars per year. Maruti's total manufacturing capacity amounts to 900,000 million incl. plants at both Gurgaon and Manesar. Total car production amounted to 1.02 million units in 2009-10. The total capacity is expected to increase to 1.1 million by 2011. Maruti Suzuki cars are sold through 702 outlets in 478 cities and towns across India.
© 2005 Google, Image © 2006 DigitalGlobe

Mercedes-Benz India

Mercedes-Benz India's sales in 2015 amounted 13 252 cars. Total sales since 1995, starting with the assembly of the E-class W 124 model, would have crossed 50,000 in Jan '14. Mercedes-Benz range of cars also includes the luxurious Maybach sedan in limited numbers.

Two variants of the heavy-duty imported Actros range of tippers were launched in 2006. 240 trucks (Actros 4840K) were sold in 2008. The Mercedes-Benz plant located on a 100 acre site in Chakan, Maharashtra has a capacity to produce 10 000 cars (to be increased to 20 000) and 1,200 commercial vehicles per annum.

Nissan Motor India

Nissan sells its a range of six cars in the Indian market through a 95 dealer network. Nissan's production in India includes the Micra, Sunny and Terrano model at the Renault Nissan plant (capacity: 480 000 units pa) located near Chennai. Nissan Motor India sold 151 001 cars in 2015/16 of which export accounted for 111 612 units and domestic sales at a lower volume of 39 389 cars.

Premier Ltd.

Premier produces a compact SUV called the RiO with total sales till date (Nov '11) amounting to ca 2000 units. Premier, the erstwhile manufacturer of the Premier Padmini small sedan made a comeback with the launch of the RiO mini SUV, based on the Chinese Zotye Nomad model. The RiO is reasonably priced at less than ₹ 500 000 and is powered by the Peugeot TUD5 1.5 l diesel engine. Premier also manufactures LCV's.

Renault India

Renault India's current range of cars include the Fluence and Scala sedans, Pulse hatchback, Lodgy MPV, Duster crossover, Koleos SUV and the KWID hatchback. Renault sold 53 847 cars in 2015.

Mahindra Reva Electric Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.

Mahindra Reva produces the Mahindra e2o, a 3-door compact electric car.

Škoda Auto India Ltd.

Škoda Auto India's product range includes a range of cars assembled at Škoda's Aurangabad plant, ŠkodaAuto's first auto assembly plant setup outside of Europe. The current capacity is 50,000 units per annum. Škoda sold 12 699 cars in the first ten months of 2015/16.

Tata Motors Ltd.

Tata Motors is India's largest (2015-16 gross revenues - ₹. 2756 bn) and is ranked among the largest medium and heavy commercial vehicle manufacturers. Tata Motors sold 926,000 units during the year ended March 2012. Domestic car sales amounted to 100 808 units while utility and commercial vehicles sales added upto 345 868 units in 2015-16. Exports amounted to 58 036 vehicles in the same year. Tata Motors has sold over one million passenger cars (as at Oct 05) since the first model, the Tata Sierra was introduced in 1991.

Tata's low-cost (approx. 2,500 USD) people's car, the 4-door Nano, was unveiled at the AutoExpo 2008 in Delhi and launched on Mar 23 '09. Tata has invested approx. ₹ 17 bn developing and producing the Nano. A dedicated auto plant (with an annual production capacity of 250,000 units) for the Nano at Sanang, Gujarat was inaugurated in June '10. Tata unveiled the Nano Europa (export variant) and Indica Vista EV (Electric Vehicle) at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The Indica Vista EV will be produced in association with Miljø Grenland/Innovasjon based in Norway. Tata Motor's UK subsidiary Tata Motors European Technical Centre plc has a 50.3 per cent stake in the company specializing in solutions for electric vehicles. The Indica Vista EV is expected to launched later in 2009 in Norway. Tata Motors offers a range of Land Rover and Jaguar models (Jaguar XJ, XF, XK and the Land Rover Freelander 2, Discovery 4, Range Rover Sport and Range Rover) in India. Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd. (TMML) manufactures fully built buses and coaches inc. low-floor intra-city models. TMML bus sales amounted to 190 units in 2007-08.

Tata Starbus
A sleek DTC Tata intracity Starbus in central Delhi. Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland made low-floor buses are used on an increasing number of bus routes throughout Delhi comprising a fleet of over 600 buses (total bus fleet is 3,850), a few of which are AC CNG buses. Delhi's first Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) pilot route (5.8 km in length) was launced in April '08 on a trial bases. The 14.5 km route, once completed, will run from Dr. Ambedkar Nagar to Delhi Gate. The BRTS is supervised by DIMTS. By 2010 Delhi's bus fleet should be contemporary by any standards. Quite a few other Indian urban transport companies, including those operating in Bangalore, Chennai, Pune, Indore, Kolkata, Mysore, Navi Mumbai and Mumbai (54 cities in total) are gradually deploying modern buses under a funding scheme provided by the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) for the financing of new passenger transport equipment (14,240 buses as of Feb '09). The majority of intracity buses in India are built on Ashok Leyland or Tata truck chassis which make them rather uncomfortable and entry/exit difficult.
Tata Indigo dashboard
A view of the dashboard of a Tata Indigo. Tata has sold over a million Indicas/Indigo cars.

Tata GenX Nano Tata's low-cost minicar was launched on March 23rd '09. Deliveries began in July '09 with sales tallying to 77,000 till the end of 2010. The Nano is powered by a two-cylinder 35 PS 624cc rear-mounted engine with a top speed of 105 km/h. Although only 3.1 m long (a tad longer than the Morris Mini), the Nano is very tall at 1.6 m and boasts 20 % more space than the Maruti 800 (based on the early 80's Suzuki Alto). Three variants with different trim levels are available.

Toyota Kirloskar Motor

Toyota Kirloskar sold 139 000 cars in 2015-16. The Toyota factory site is located at Bidadi, Karnataka and consists of two auto plants with a total capacity of 310 000 units.

Volkswagen India

Volkswagen operates an auto plant in Chakan near Pune (Maharashtra) with an annual capacity of 110 000 cars. The plant manufactures VW Vento, Polo and Škoda Rapid models and rolled out its 400 000th manufactured car in July '14. VW Jetta and Passat models are assembled at Škoda's plant located in Aurangabad.

Commercial Vehicle Manufacturers/Importers

ATUL AUTO LTD.
Atul Auto manufactures a range of three-wheelers from its plant located in Shapar, near Rajkot (Gujarat).
CERITA MOTORS
Cerita manufactures buses for various segments including intercity buses.
ASIA MOTORWORKS LTD.
AMW manufactures heavy-duty trucks (tractors and tippers) at a plant located in Bhuj, Gujarat. AMW has produced some 10,000 trucks till date (Feb '10).
ASHOK LEYLAND
Ashok Leyland manufactures Iveco trucks in addition to buses and other light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles. The company sold 83,101 vehicles in 2006-07. Total income amounted to ₹ 72.4 bn in the same year. AL has tied up with Nissan to build a new light commercial vehicle plant in Tamil Nadu. AL holds a 51 per cent stake in firm (Ashok Leyland Nissan Vehicles Pvt Ltd.). The plant is expected to commence production in H2/2011.
DAIMLER INDIA COMMERCIAL VEHICLES
Daimler sold almost 1100 heavy duty trucks from the launch of a range of trucks in Sep '12 till Jan 13. Daimler plans to launch light and medium trucks in the future manufactured at its Oragadam plant in Tamil Nadu.
MAHINDRA NAVISTAR
ASHOK LEYLAND NISSAN VEHICLES LTD.
HINO MOTOR SALES INDIA PVT. LTD.

FORCE MOTORS LTD

The Force Motors (erstwhile Bajaj Tempo) product portfolio includes a range of LCV's, utility and commercial vehicles. Force Motors has also planned a joint venture with Neoman for the manufacture of chassis and complete buses.

MAN Trucks India Pvt. Ltd.
SCANIA INDIA
Scania has produced more than 1500 trucks and 250 buses at its two Indian plants.
TATA MOTORS LTD.
See car section
VOLVO INDIA PVT. LTD.
Volvo India manufactures FM12 and FM9 series rigid/trailer trucks. Volvo also manufactures buses (capacity: 1800 units pa). Volvo's Hoskote (Karnataka) plant has an installed capacity of 4000 trucks pa. in double shifts. Volvo has sold some 1,600 trucks and 1,600 buses since 2001. Volvo sold around 700 buses in 2012. Volvo is exporting trucks to South Korea in addition to some of the neighbouring countries. A new joint-venture, Volvo Bus BodyTechnologies, manufactures bus bodies in a plant located at Hoskote, Karnataka. A target has been set to sell 450 buses, including a new version of the Volvo 9400 inter-city model, this year.
VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.
TATRA VECTRA MOTORS LTD.
Tatra Vectra Motors manufactures off-road Tatra trucks (7,000 till date). Tatra plans to launch a highway transportation vehicle to the existing range of HCV's on offer.
SUTLEJ MOTORS LTD.
Luxury coach manufacturer
TVS-IRIZAR
Luxury coach manufacturer
JCBL Ltd.
Coach manufacturer manufacturing a range of buses, motor homes, special utility vehicles, trailers and cargo boxes.
URAL INDIA LTD.
Ural India, an Indo-Russian joint-venture, manufactures of URALAZ medium and heavy commercial vehicles. Ural India's plant is located at Haldia, West Bengal.
PREMIER LTD.
Premier manufactures the Roadstar, a small truck for intra-city transport.

Miscellaneous

DILIP CHHABRIA DESIGN PVT. LTD.
PARIKH COACH BUILDERS
Produces the Ambylimo, a stretched fully equipped Hindustan Ambassador limousine.

Two Wheeler Manufacturers

PIAGGIO VEHICLES (PVPL)
HARLEY-DAVIDSON INDIA
MAHINDRA TWO WHEELERS LTD.
Mahindra Two Wheelers manufactures the Stallio motorcycle and various scooter models. The company sold 134,570 units in 2011-12.
LOHIA AUTO INDUSTRIES
Lohia Auto manufactures electric scooters at its plant located in Kashipur, Uttarakhand.
HERO HONDA MOTORS LTD.
Hero Honda, the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer, sold around 3.72 million two-wheelers (mainly motorcycles) in 2008-09. Its plants are located at Dharuhera, Gurgaon and Haridwar (Uttarakhand). Net sales amounted to ₹ 123 bn in 2008-09.
BAJAJ AUTO LTD.
India's second largest two/three-wheeler manufacturer (2015-16 net sales ₹ 223 bn) and the world's third largest in terms of volumes. Bajaj Auto sold 3.9 million units during 2015/16. Bajaj Auto's three plants are located at Waluj (Aurangabad, Maharashtra), Chakan (Dist. Pune) and Pantnagar Uttarakhand.
TVS MOTOR COMPANY LTD.
TVS Motor Co., the eight largest 2-wheeler manufacture in the world, recorded net sales of ₹ 223 bn and sold 3.34 million two-wheelers in 2015-16. TVS's plant is located at Hosur, Karnataka. TVS launched it first 3-wheeler, the TVS King, on March 9 '08. The 3-wheeler segment was till now dominated by Bajaj Auto and Piaggio.
TVS Apache
HONDA MOTORCYCLE & SCOOTER PVT. LTD.
Honda's Gurgaon factory manufactures four-stroke scooters and motorcycles. The company sold 2.107 million two wheelers in the year ended March 2012.
INDIA YAMAHA MOTOR PVT. LTD.
Yamaha Motor India sold 212 985 motorcycles during 2004-05. Yamaha has announcde a ₹ 4 bn investment plan for the expansion of its existing manufacturing capacity and a new plant to be opened in 2008.
LML LTD.
LML sold approx. 75 000 two-wheelers in 2005-06. LML manufactures lifestyle motorcycles (150 cc), motorcycles (110 to 125 cc) and scooters (150 cc).
KINETIC ENGINEERING LTD. (KEL)
Kinetic Engineering produced 122 012 motorbikes, scooters and mopeds in 2005-06, including Hyosung Motors (South Korea) GF-series motorbikes.
MAJESTIC AUTO LTD.
Majestic Auto sold 32 067 mopeds in 2005-06.
ROYAL ENFIELD MOTORS LTD.
Manufacturer of the legendary "Bullet" motorcycles. The Indian Police and defence forces use "Bullet" motorcycles. Royal Enfield sold 38,528 motorcycles during 2007-08. Royal Enfield operates two factories located at Chennai and Jaipur.
MONTO MOTORS LTD.
Monto Motors manufactures the Avanti range of mopeds, motorbikes, off road bikes, ATVs and trollies.
INDUS ELEC-TRANS.
This division of ElectroTherm, manufactures YObykes electric two-wheelers in a factory located in Kutch. Future products include electric three/four wheelers and hybrid electric buses.
SUZUKI MOTORCYCLE INDIA PVT. LTD.
Suzuki Motor India sold 1 601 motorcycles in 2005-06.
ULTRA MOTOR INDIA
Ultra Motor manufactures electric scooters in its plant at Hyderabad. A second plant is coming up at Maneasr, Haryana. The company expects to sell around 35,000 units in 2008-09.

Three Wheeler Manufacturers

PIAGGIO VEHICLES PVT. LTD. (PVPL)
PVPL manufactures diesel three-wheelers (pick-ups, delivery vans and passenger vehicles) at its Baramati (Maharashtra) plant. PVPL has announced plans to manufacture LCV's and possibly two-wheelers.
SCOOTERS INDIA LTD.
Government owned Scooters India Ltd. (1998-99 turnover: 1.36 billion Rupees) produced over 16,000 Vikram range of three-wheelers last year. SIL produces an electric 3-wheeler, the Vikram-EV. Vikram-EV is driven by a DC motor capable of delivering 7.5 bhp. A gas powered three-wheeler is also under development.
KERALA AUTOMOBILES LTD.
KAL produced 7240 three-wheelers in 1999-00.

Tractor Manufacturers

SAME DEUTZ-FAHR INDIA
Manufactures tractors and diesel engines at a plant located at Ranipet, Tamil Nadu. The company, a subsidiary of Italy's Same Deutz-Fahr, plans to expand its capacity to 11,000 units per annum by 2010.
L&T-JOHN DEERE LTD.
LTJD's tractor plant is located at Sanaswadi, near Pune.
HMT Tractors
TAFE (Tractors And Farm Equipment Ltd.)
MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA
The world's largest (volume wise) tractor manufacturer sold 159,000 tractors in 2009.
Mahindra USA Inc.
PUNJAB TRACTORS LTD.
Punjab Tractors sold 25 600 tractors in 2004-05 (revenue ₹ 6 bn). Punjab Tractors is the largest manufacturer of Harvester Combines in India.
INTERNATIONAL TRACTORS LTD.
ITL (turnover ca ₹ 5 billion for FY 2003-04) sold some 20 000 "Sonalika" range of tractors during 2003-04. ITL has tied up with Renault Agriculture for the manufacture of Renault Ceres tractors.
ESCORTS LIMITED - AGRI MACHINERY GROUP
Escorts sold 50,000 tractors in 2006-2007.
BRAHMA-STEYR TRACTORS
NEW HOLLAND TRACTORS (INDIA)
New Holland Tractors sold 9 714 tractors in 2004. The company has invested ca USD 100 m in India and exports Indian made tractors to 2 countries. New Holland expects a turnover of ₹ 5 bn in 2005.
GREAVES LTD.
MAHINDRA GUJARAT TRACTORS LTD.
FORCE MOTORS LTD.
V.S.T. TILLERS TRACTORS LTD.

Earth Moving, Material Handling and Construction Machinery Manufacturers

JCB India Ltd.
Escorts Construction Equipment Ltd.
Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML)
Caterpillar India
L&T-Komatsu Ltd.
Voltas India

Automotive Parts Manufacturers

Ashok Leyland - Leyparts
Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd.(TACO), India
Lucas-TVS
Clutch Auto Ltd.
India Pistons Ltd.
Bharat Gears
Bharat Forge
Motherson Sumi
Exide Industries
Rico Auto
Bosch India
Amtek Auto
Sono Koyo

Tyre Manufacturers

Tyre Statistics

  • Indian tyre production (FY 2010-11) estimate: 119.2 million units
  • Indian tyre exports (FY 2010-11): 6.5 million units
  • Indian passenger car, truch and bus tyre imports (FY 2011-12): 6.5 million units
Automotive Tyre Manufacturers' Association
Goodyear India
Apollo Tyres
Michelin India
MRF Tyres
TVS Srichakra Ltd.
Ceat Tyres
JK Tyre
Bridgestone