Overview of the Indian Auto Industry

India was the fourth largest car manufacturer in the world in 2017¹. Indian auto manufacturers produced a record 29.1 milion motor vehicles in 2017-18 (Apr-Mar) incl. 4.01 million passenger vehicles. India was the largest manufacturer of three-wheelers (1.02 m units) and eighth largest commercial vehicle (0.83 m units) manufacturer in 2017 while India's two-wheeler manufacturers rolled out 23.1 m units during 2017/18. The tractor industry sold ca 0.58 m units or around a third of the global output during 2016/17. Construction vehicle production was approx. 59 000 units in 2014. 2.17 million passengers cars were sold in India in 2017-18. The total turnover of the auto industry amounted to ca USD 145 billion in 2015-16 while the overall installed capacity was ca 32 m units at the end of 2014-15. The auto industry provides direct or indirect employment to over 13 million people.

Indian passenger vehicle exports amounted to 0.75 m (incl. 0.58 m passenger cars) units in 2017-18 while 2.82 m two-wheelers (mainly motorcycles), 97 000 commercial vehicles and 0.38 m three wheelers were shipped overseas during the same year. Major car models exported include Hyundai Verna and Creta, Nissan Micra and Sunny, Ford EcoSport and Volkswagen Vento. Over 43 000 medium and heavy duty trucks were exported from India in 2016-17 incl. makes such as Daimler, Mitsubishi Fuso, Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland.

Domestic motor vehicle sales in 2016-17 included 3.05 m passenger vehicles, 0.71 m commercial vehicles, 0.51 m three wheelers and 17.59 two-wheelers. A relatively hefty increase in the luxury car segment took place in 2017 as over 39 000 cars were sold compared to 33 000 units in 2016.

Passenger Vehicle Sales (2016-17)

TypeSales (thousands)
Passenger car2103
SUV762
Van182

The total turnover of the Indian automotive component industry stood at USD 43.5 billion in 2016-17. Auto ancillary exports fetched USD 10.9 bn in the same year while the total turnover of India's vehicle tyre industry amounted to an estimated ₹ 450 billion in 2013-14. The total number of registered motor vehicles reached approx. 230 million in March 2016.

Future new entrants into the Indian auto market include MG Motor, owned by the Chinese auto manufacturer SAIC and the French Groupe PSA, the latter making a re-entrant for the first time since the production of the Peugeot 309 model by Premier Automobiles (PAL) in the 1990s.
South Korea's Kia Motors, another new entrant in the Indian auto market, is investing USD 1.1 bn in a new auto plant (capacity 300 000 units pa) located in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. The plant is expected to start rolling out cars in 2019. Volvo Cars commenced the assembly of SUVs in India in Oct '17 while GM is departing the Indian auto market although it will continue to export cars from its India plant.

¹ Source: OICA (The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers 2017 Statistics)


Registered Motor Vehicles by Type as at 31 Mar 2016 (in millions)

Two-Wheelers Cars Jeeps and TaxisBusesGoods Vehicles Misc (incl. tractors and three-wheelers)
169 25.6 4.6 1.8 10.5 18.5

Registered Motor Vehicles (in millions)
Top 10 States (31.3.2016)

  • Maharashtra: 27.9
  • Tamil Nadu: 24.2
  • Uttar Pradesh: 23.9
  • Gujarat: 20.3
  • Karnataka: 16.3
  • Rajasthan: 13.6
  • Madhya Pradesh: 11.1
  • Kerala: 10.2
  • Delhi: 9.7
  • Punjab: 9.1

Domestic Motor Vehicle Sales
(Apr 2017 - Mar 2018)

  • Passenger Vehicles: 3.29 million units
  • Commercial Vehicles: 0.86 m
  • Two-wheelers: 20.19 m
  • Three-wheelers: 0.64 m

  • TOTAL: 24.97 million units
Video clip: Road traffic in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Video clip: Rush hour traffic in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Video clip: Rush hour traffic in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh - © Timir Mozumder

Above video clips: Hyderabad's total motor vehicle population amounted to almost 5 million (inc. 850 000 cars) in 2016. Road congestion and air/noise pollution are some of the more serious effects. Hyderabad also lacks an efficient, integrated public transport. The first phase of the metro rail system was completed in Dec '17 and once fully commissioned, should provide a better and more environment friendly means of mass urban transit.

Number of Registered Cars and Motor Vehicles (in millions) in Selected Cities - March 2016
City Cars All Motor Vehicles
Ahmedabad 0.58 3.66
Delhi 2.73 8.85
Bengaluru 1.19 6.11
Chennai 0.86 4.94
Kolkata 0.33 0.74
Hyderabad 0.40 2.37
Pune 0.41 2.52
Lucknow 0.25 1.82
Surat 0.34 2.67
Jaipur 0.33 2.42
Vadodara 0.23 1.90
Mumbai (Greater) 0.86 2.82

Auto News, Blogs, Journals and Portals

Indian Emission Standards >>

Auto Expos/Organizations

Auto Statistics

Car Sales by Manufacturer/Imported Brand for 2016-17

Manufacturer Domestic Exports Total
Audi India 7 876 (2017)  
BMW India 9 800 (incl. 421 Minis - 2017)  
Fiat-Chrysler India 5 665 135 5 800
Ford India 91 405 158 469 262 784 (2017)
GM India (sales ended in 2017) 25 823 37 082  
Honda Cars India 157 313
Hyundai Motor India 536 241 (FY18) 167 120 676 827
Isuzu Motors India ~ 3 000  
Jaguar Land Rover 4 609 (2017/18)  
Lamborghini 26 (2017)   26
Mahindra & Mahindra 236 130 37 241 (incl. all motor vehicles) 506 625
Maruti Suzuki India 1 653 500 (FY18) 126 074 (FY18)  1 779 574 (FY18)
Mercedes-Benz India 16 236 (2017/18)  
Nissan India 57 315 111 612 151 001
Porsche 435 (2017)  
Renault India 135 123  
Škoda Auto India 17 438 (2017)  
Tata Motors 153 151
Toyota Kirloskar Motor 140 645 (FY18)  
Volkswagen India 60 500 (2016) 84 500 (2016) 145 145 (2016)
Volvo 2 157 (2017-18)  

Domestic Car Sales Modelwise 2004-11

Model2004/052006 2007-08 2008 2009 2010
2011
2007-08: Indicates April 2007-March 2008, FY09=Apr'08-Mar'09
06-07: Indicates April 2006-March 2007
* Incl. of exports
** Apr-Dec 2006
¹ Estimate
² 2004-05
³ 2003-04
@ 04/04-12/04
Aston Martin             ca 30 a year (2013)
Audi A4 - - 102 1,050 (All Audi models) 1,658 (All Audi models)
3,003 ( all models)
5,511 (All models)
Audi A6 105 (all Audi models-'05) 300 (all Audi models) 349 (all Audi models) 111 (Jan-Apr) 396
Audi A8-- 172 1,050 (all Audi models)  
Audi Q5          
Audi Q7--   350  
Audi RS 5              
Audi R8 - - - 15  
Audi TT5 (2005)na     
Bentley2028     
ca 300 since 2003
BMW 3 Series-- 946 1,075 (FY09) 1,155
2,220 (Jan-Nov)
2788 (2012)
BMW 5 Series-- 822 1,352 (FY09) 1,590
2,030 (Jan-Nov)
2618 (2012)
BMW 6 series, X3 and X5 ca 40 (X5) 257 (all models) 83   4 (6 series, Mar)
BMW 7 Series-- 251 279 (FY09)  
BMW X1            
2461 (2012)
BMW X3, X5 and X6          
16 (Jan)
X3 930 (2012)
BMW Z4 Roadster        
25
Chevrolet Aveo - - 5,624 1,174 (Jan) 746 (Feb)
364 (Jan)
Chevrolet Aveo U-VA - - 11,523
434 (Jan)
Chevrolet Beat          
2,825 (Jan)
Chevrolet Captiva - - 607 2,134 (FY09) 201 (Feb)
72 (Jan)
Chevrolet Cruze        
812 (Oct)
686 (Jan)
Chevrolet Forester (discontd.) 260 (2003-2005) - - - -
-
-
Chevrolet Optra Magnum9 191na 6,058 (inc. SR-V model) 1287 (Jan-Mar) 89 (Feb)
51 (Jan)
Chevrolet Spark-- 22,060 7,265 (Jan-Mar) 2,940 (Feb)
3,477 (Jan)
Chevrolet SRV          
Chevrolet Tavera18 622 (2005)na 20,671 4,892 (Jan-Mar) 945 (Feb)
1,512 (Jan)
Ferrari              
Fiat Grande Punto - - - -
~9,000 (Jun-Nov)
8,401 (all models in Apr-Jul)
Fiat Linea - - -
4,512 (FY09)
~ 12,000 (Jan-Nov)
Fiat Palio Stile791 (05-06) 1,614 (06-07) 3,303   
Fiat Petra/Adventure (discontd.)454 (05-06) 584 (06-07)     
Fiat 500 - - - ca 30 till Sept  
ca 65 till Jun '10
Force Trax - - 7,053 -  
Ford EcoSport              
Ford Endeavour1 818 (05-06)na 2,916 2,780 (FY09) 184 (Oct)
51,420 (all models Jan-May)
Ford Fiestaca 3 500na 22,855   
Ford Figo - - - - -
58,000 (till Nov)
Ford Fusion (discontd.)329²na 2,678   
Ford Ikon (discontd.)24 536na 4,797   
Ford Mondeo (discontd.)25² (05-06) 0    
Hindustan Ambassador12 740na 8,487   
Honda Accord3 324 (05-06)2,728 (06-07) 2,133 4,108 (FY09) 948 (Jan-Apr)
288 (Jan)
Honda Amaze              
Honda Brio              
Honda City37 545 (2005-06)40,464 (06-07) 40,536 (incl. Marina STW)   18,482 (Jan-Apr)
4,485 (Jan)
Honda Civicna16,262 (06-07) 16,723   2,386 (Jan-Apr)
644 (Jan)
Honda CR-V1 858 (05-06)1,873 (06-07) 3,425   501 (Jan-Mar)
76 (Jan)
Honda Jazz        
3,069 (Jun-Jul)
490 (Jan)
Hyundai Accent24 383na 8,274   
Hyundai Elantra (discontd.)2 331 (2005) 1,683 (06-07)  10 (Mar)  
Hyundai Eon              
Hyundai Getz Prime5 483na 16,787 9,442 (FY09)  
Hyundai i10-- 14,451 (2007) 106,110 (FY09) 24,990 (till Mar 12)
Hyundai i20-- - 4,991 (FY09) 4,940 (Oct)
Hyundai Santa Fe              
Hyundai Santro Xing103 301² 163,838 (06-07) 121,163 91,466 (FY09)  
Hyundai Sonata806 (2005)506 577 486 (FY09) 232 (Jan-Apr)
29 (Jan)
Hyundai Terracan (discontd.)318³   -
Hyundai Tucson884 (March-Nov 05)533 (incl. Terracan) 188 50 (FY09) 13 (Jan-Apr)
Hyundai Vernanana 24,370 2,132 (Feb)  
5,502 (Jan)
ICML Rhino--     
Jaguar        
242 (incl. Land Rover)
891 (Apr-Mar '11) incl. Land Rovers
2289 (Apr-Mar'12) incl. Land Rovers
Lamborghini          
ca 17 (2012)
Land Roverca 30na   ~90 (2008) 242 (incl. Jaguar)
35 (Jan)
Mahindra Bolero - - 51,009 55,924 (FY09)  
Mahindra Max - - - 3,000 (Apr08-Feb09)  
Mahindra Scorpio31,661 (05-06)38,015 (06-07) 41,443 27,000 (Apr08-Feb09) 3,200 (Mar)
ca 44,000 ('10-'11)
Mahindra Thar              
Mahindra XUV500              
Mahindra Xylo--- 7,201 (FY09) ~10,500 (Jan-Apr)
Maruti 800116 262²79,245 (06-07) 69,553 49,383 (FY09) 9,915 (Apr-Jul)
Maruti A-Star - - -
15,736 (FY09)
2,784 (Jun)
2,494 (Jan)
Maruti Alto126 223²200,000+ (Apr06-Feb07) 227,173 218,127 (FY09) 240,000
Maruti Baleno (discontd.)6 521na     
Maruti DZire - - 5,658 61,952 (FY09)  
8,995 incl. SX4 (Jan)
Maruti Esteem (discontd.)18 379na 12,485   
Maruti Grand Vitaranana 795 270 (FY09)  
Maruti Gypsynana 3,132 7,219 (FY09)  
Maruti Kizashi          
103 (Mar '11)
Maruti Omni60 377²na 88,273   
Maruti Ritz        
6,214 (Jun)
Maruti Swift34 463 (May-Nov 05)na 88,745 110,071 (FY09)  
Maruti SX4 - - 31,192 1,953 (Feb)  
Maruti Versa4 291³na 1,456 1,440 (FY09)  
Maruti Wagon R79 712²na 132,727 134,768 (FY09) 140,000
163,000 (Apr-Mar '11)
Maruti Estilo65 345²na 50,635 (Zen and Estilo) 32,694 (FY09)  
Mercedes C-Class785883 1,127 1,765 1,607
5,109 (All models, Jan-Nov)
6,698 (all models Jan-Nov)
Mercedes E-Class825 (05)922 1,048 1,167 1,048
245 (Jan)
Mercedes S-Class144 (2005)248 518 561 467
22 (Jan)
Mercedes CLS/SLK/SL/CLK/M  na 118 141 (incl. 80 M-class) 125 (models other than C,E and S class)
6 CBU imports(Jan)
Maybach3 ('04 and '05)na na   
Mini Cooper              
Mitsubishi Lancer/Cedia2 509na 2,582 1,570 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Outlander-- - 278 (FY09)  
Mitsubishi Pajero/Monteronana 1,676 1,814 (FY09)  
Nissan 370Z          
4 (Jan-Aug)
Nissan Micra          
~6,000 (Jul-Nov)
10,247 (H1)
Nissan Teana-- 347 58 (FY09) 207 (FY10)
179 (Apr-Nov)
58 (H1)
Nissan X-Trail253 (2005)250 173 100 (FY09)  
50 (Jul)
157 (H1)
Opel Corsa (discontd)8 369na - - -
-
-
Porsche (various models)ca 100 (2005)160 168 168  
Premier Rio          
Mahindra Verito (Renault Logan)-- 25,884 13,419 (FY09) 2,520 (Feb-Apr)
555 (Jan)
Mahindra Reva          
Renault Fluence            
290 (Jun)
Renault Koleos            
Rolls-Royce 5 (2005) 7 (2006) 12 (2007) 14 (2008) <10 (2009)
80 (2010)
ca 250 till date (end 2013)
San Stormnana     
Škoda Fabia - - 1,906 6,634  
5,510 (Jan-Mar) all Škoda models
9,257 (H1)
Škoda Octavia/Laura9 559 (05-06)11,433 10,944 7,459 (FY09)  
3,519 (H1)
Škoda Rapid              
Škoda Superbna769 586 694 (FY09) 541 (Apr-Jun)
2,078 (H1)
Škoda Yeti            
1,310 (H1)
Ssanyong Rexton              
Tata Aria              
Tata Indica111 574 (05-06)144,690 (06-07) 135,642 111,257 (FY09) 91,295 (Apr-Jan '10)
11,448 (Jan)
Tata Indigo/Indigo XL/Indigo CS39 377 (05-06)34,310 (06-07) 31,416 49,190 (FY09) 41,724 (Apr-Jan '10)
7,258 (Jan)
Tata Marina2 050na     
Tata Nano        
21,535 (Jul-Jan '10)
77,000 (till12/10)
Tata Safari4 692 (05-06)15,816 (06-07) 19,078   25,630 (Sumo+Safari: Apr-Jan '10)
3,538 (Safari/Sumo Jan)
Tata Sumo / Sumo Victa33 213 (05-06)32,077 (06-07) 28,622    
Tata Sumo Grande/MKII          
Tata Vista          
Tata Xenon XT--- 161 (FY09)  
Toyota Camry794 (2005) 1,001 (06-07) 988 182 (Apr-Jun) 44 (Apr-Jun)
120 (H1)
Toyota Corolla Altis8 974 (2005)na 6,204  9,172
4,901 (H1)
Toyota Etios            
20,765 (H1)
Toyota Etios Liva        
3,154
 
737 (Jun)
Toyota Fortuner        
~3,100 (Aug-Dec)
5,475 (H1)
Toyota Innova32 000 (2005)na 48,069  42,740
25,307 (H1)
Toyota Land Cruiser 200              
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado162 (2005)na 141 109 (FY09)  
Toyota Prius              
Toyota Qualis (discontd.)31 759²na     
VW New Beetle          
ca 240 till Jun '10
88 (H1)
VW Jetta--   1,566 (all VW models) 1,957 (Jan-Aug: all VW models)
975 (H1)
VW Passat--      
27,946 (Vento and Polo)
383 (H1)
VW Phaeton            
58 (till Jun '11)
VW Polo            
20,127 (H1)
VW Touareg--      
VW Vento - - - - -  
17,555 (H1)
Volvo V40 Cross Country              
Volvo S60              
Volvo S80-- ca 100 (all Volvo) ca 90 ( all Volvo models)  
320 (all models)
Volco XC60              
Volvo XC90--     

Automotive Research

Passenger Car/Utility Vehicle Manufacturers

Audi India

Audi sells the A3, A4, A6, A8 L, Q3, Q5, Q7, S4, S5, RS 6 Coupe, RS 7 Sportback, TT Coupe, and R8 range of models. Audi competes in a niche market along with BMW and Mercedes cars and sold 7 876 in 2017 (7 742 units in 2016 and over 60 000 cars since the company began operations in India). Audi assembles the A4, A6, Q3, Q5 and Q7 models at ŠkodaAuto's plant located at Aurangabad, Maharashtra while the other models are imported from Ingolstadt, Germany. Audi cars are available through over 60 dealers across India.

BMW India Pvt. Ltd.

BMW has an assembly plant with an annual capacity of 14 000 units in Chenglepet located near Chennai that rolled out its 57 000th BMW car in Mar '17 after 10 years of production. The plant assembles BMW 1 Series, 3 Series, 3 Gran Turismo Series, new 5 Series, 7 Series, X1, X3 and X5 models. The present local content in the assembled cars is over 50 per cent. BMW imports a few models too incl. the BMW X6, BMW X6 M, 6 Series Gran Coupé, M6 Gran Coupé, Z4 Roadster and i8 hybrid sports car. BMW sells its cars through a network of 40 dealers. BMW sold 9 379 BMW's (5 171 cars in H1/18) and 421 Minis in 2017.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) India Automobiles Pvt. Ltd.

Fiat has had a long presence in India. Prior to FCA India, Fiat had a technical collaboration with Premier Automobiles, for the manufacture of the popular Padmini model, a small sedan based on the third generation Fiat 1100D dated from the early sixties. Fiat India's other former cars included the Uno, Siena and Palio. Fiat's sales in India have in recent years failed to make any significant dent in the Indian auto market with total car sales amounting to 6 584 units in 2016. FCA launched the Jeep Compass SUV in July '17. The Compass is manufactured at FCA's Rangangaon plant. The new Tata Nexon SUV is also manufactured in the same plant along with the presently manufactured Tata Bolt, Tata Zest, Fiat Punto and Fiat Linea models. Possible future launches include the Jeep Renegade SUV.

Jeep brand vehicles
  • Grand Cherokee
  • Grand Cherokee SRT
  • Wrangler Unlimited
  • Jeep Compass - FCA's new SUV model comes in two engine variants, a 2.0L turbo diesel and a turbocharged 1.4L petrol. Indian made Jeep Compass SUV's are also exported to markets such as Japan and Australia. The Compass SUV has been well-received in India with total sales of over 23 000 units till May '18 and 8 000 units sold in overseas markets.

Ford India Ltd.

Ford India sold 249 874 cars in 2016-17 of which 158 469 were exported and 91 405 units sold in India. Car export destinations include countries such as South Africa, the Middle East region and a few European countries. Ford operates two auto plants in India - Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Sanand (Gujarat). The latter facility has manufactured 100 000 cars till Sep '16. The two plants have an annual capacity to manufacture upto 480 000 cars and 610 000 engines.

Honda Cars India Ltd. (HCIL)

HCIL manufactures the Jazz, Brio, City, Civic, CR-V and Accord models. HCIL's two auto plants are located in Surajpur, Greater NOIDA, U.P and Tapukara (Bhiwadi), Rajasthan with a capacity to manufacture 100,000 cars per annum. Honda India's domestic sales amounted to 156 107 cars in 2016. Honda began exporting Brio cars to South Africa/SADC countries in Oct '12 and exported a total of 5740 cars in 2015/16.

  • Honda Amaze Honda sold 35 388 units of the Amaze model in 2016.
  • Honda Brio
  • Honda Jazz - Honda's new supermini hatchback is powered by a 1.2 liter petrol engine with 89 bhp output. Production of the old Jazz model ended in March '13 and a new generation version was launched in 2014. Honda has sold ca 23 000 Jazz cars till Feb '13.
  • Honda BR-V - compact SUV
  • Honda WR-V - crossover launched in 2017.
  • Honda City - This popular sedan sold 57 619 units in 2016 and reached the 700 000 unit milestone in Oct 2017. The City was first launched in 1998.
  • Honda CR-V - Honda manufactures the CR-V model at its Greater NOIDA plant. A total of almost 13 000 CR-V's have been sold in India since its launch in 2003.
  • Honda Accord Hybrid

Hyundai Motor India Ltd.

Hyundai Motor India's two adjacent car plants at Irungattukotai near Chennai have a combined capacity of 700 000 cars per annum (750 000 by Jan '19), the parent company's largest auto manufacturing facilities outside of South Korea. Domestic auto sales amounted to 527 320  units in 2017 while cars exported totalled 161 517 units in 2016. HMIL reached the 5 m mark for cars (8 m milestone for vehicles sold both overseas and in India) sold within India in Nov '17.

  • EON minicar
  • i10 minicar - i10 production ended in Mar 2017. HMIL produced close to 1.7 million units of the popular i10 model since its launch in 2007.
  • Grand i10 minicar
  • Xcent sedan
  • Elite i20 hatchback - The popular i20 hatchback has sold over 300 000 units since its launch in 2015.
  • i20 Active hatchback
  • Verna sedan - Hyundai has sold 317 000 units (till July '17) of the popular Verna since its launch in 2006.
  • Elantra sedan
  • Tucson SUV
  • Creta SUV
  • Santa Fe SUV

International Cars and Motors Ltd.

ICML, a unit of the Sonalika Group, manufactures the Extreme MPV model.

Isuzu Motors India Ltd.

Isuzu Motors India manufactures a range of pickup and a SUV model from its plant at Sri City, Andhra Pradesh where manufacturing started in 2016. The plant has a capacity to manufacture upto 50 000 vehicles per annum. Isuzu sold around 3000 vehicles in 2016/17.

  • mu-X - a seven seater SUV available both as 4x2 and 4x4 traction and 5-speed automatic transmission.
  • D-MAX V-Cross
  • D-MAX S-Cab - pickup/utility vehicle
  • D-MAX - pickup/utility vehicle

Mahindra & Mahindra

M & M sold 506 625 motor vehicles (incl. 37 241 exported units) in 2016-17.

Mahindra Electric Ltd.

Mahindra Electric produces three models of electric vehicles, the Mahindra e2oPlus, a 4-door compact, eVerito sedan, eSupro van and an electric auto rickshaw, the e-Alfa Mini. The present monthly capacity of 400 units will gradually be increased upto 5 000 units till 2019 although just 700 electric vehicles were sold during Apr-Oct '17.

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. (MSIL)

MSIL began manufacturing Suzuki Alto model cars in Dec 1983 in Gurgaon after which it quickly overtook both Hindustan Motors and Premier Auto to become India's largest car manufacturer as early as the mid-eighties. The company's net sales amounted to ₹ 781 billion in 2017-18 while total auto sales increased to 1.78 million units (incl. 126 000 cars exported) in the same year. Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan has a 56.2 % stake in MSIL. MSIL's total auto production crossed 20 million in June '18 while car exports reached the 1.5 m mark in Sep '16.

MSIL currently operates four assembly plants including an auto/transmission/engine plant in Manesar (Haryana) through a joint venture (Maruti Suzuki Automobiles India) with Suzuki Motor Corp. MSIL has a total auto manufacturing capacity of 1.55 million units per annum.

Models sold exclusively through NEXA outlets.

Mercedes-Benz India

Mercedes-Benz India's sales in 2017 amounted to ca 15 300 (8 061 cars in H1/18), a substantial increase from 13 231 units sold in 2016. Total sales since 1995, starting with the assembly of the E-class W 124 model, reached 50 000 in Jan '14. Total sales of E-series cars since 1995 reached 34 000 units in Feb '17. Mercedes-Benz sells the A, B, C, E, S, CLA, CLS, GLA, GLC, GLE and GLS models in addition to the luxurious Maybach sedan and AMG models.

The Mercedes-Benz plant located on a 100 acre site in Chakan, Maharashtra has a capacity to produce 20 000 cars. Mercedes-Benz has 92 showrooms across India.

Mitsubishi Motors India

Mitsubishi Motors manufactures the Pajero Sport SUV and its variants - the Pajero Sport Dual Tone-AT and the Pajero Sport Select Plus-AT. The Outlander crossover is also available. Mitsubishi's auto plant is located in Thiruvallur near Chennai.

Nissan Motor India / Datsun

Nissan sells a range of eight cars (some branded as Datsun) in the Indian market through a 95 dealer network. Nissan's production in India includes the Micra, Sunny and Terrano model at the Renault Nissan plant (capacity: 480 000 units pa) located near Chennai. Nissan Motor India sold 151 001 cars in 2015/16 of which export accounted for 111 612 units and domestic sales at a lower volume of 39 389 cars (57 315 in 2016/17). Total exports since Nissan began production in India has surpassed 700 000 units.

Premier Ltd.

Premier produces a compact SUV called the RiO with total sales till date (Nov '11) amounting to ca 2000 units. Premier, the erstwhile manufacturer of the Premier Padmini small sedan made a comeback with the launch of the RiO mini SUV, based on the Chinese Zotye Nomad model. The RiO is reasonably priced at less than ₹ 500 000 and is powered by the Peugeot TUD5 1.5 l diesel engine. Premier also manufactures LCV's.

Renault India

Renault India's current range of cars include the Lodgy MPV, Duster crossover, Captur SUV and the KWID hatchback. Renault India sold 135 123 cars in 2016/17.

Škoda Auto India Ltd.

Škoda Auto India's product range includes a range of cars assembled at Škoda's Aurangabad plant, ŠkodaAuto's first auto assembly plant setup outside of Europe. The current capacity is 50 000 units per annum. Škoda sold 13 712 cars in 2016-17 and has made a rebound in 2017 with sales increasing to 17 438 units. Škoda Auto has established itself in the Indian auto market having produced around 230 000 cars (early 2017) since the end of 2001.

Suzuki Motor Gujarat Private Limited (SMG)

SMG is a fully owned subsidiary of the Japanese Suzuki Motor Corporation. Car production commenced in Feb 2017 at the plant located near Hansalpur, Gujarat. The plant has an annual capacity of 250 000 vehicles. Another plant is under construction for the production of engines and transmission units. Vehicles under production include the Baleno hatchback. Domestic production is supplied to Maruti Suzuki.

Tata Motors Ltd.

Tata Motors is India's largest (2016-17 net revenue - ₹ 448 bn) and is ranked as the fifth largest medium and heavy commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world. Tata Motors sold 542 561 units in 2016-17. Domestic car sales amounted to 153 151 units while utility and commercial vehicles sales added upto 325 211 units in 2016-17. Exports amounted to 64 199 vehicles in the same year.

Tata's low-cost (approx. 2 500 USD) people's car, the 4-door Nano, was unveiled at the AutoExpo 2008 in Delhi and launched on Mar 23 '09. Tata invested approx. ₹ 17 bn developing and producing the Nano. A dedicated auto plant (with an annual production capacity of 250,000 units) for the Nano at Sanang, Gujarat was inaugurated in June 1010. Unfortunately production of the Nano has practically come to a standstill in 2018. Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd. (TMML) manufactures fully built buses and coaches incl. low-floor intra-city models. Tata sold 14 917 buses in India in 2015-16. Tata Motors is developing a new SUV (codenamed Q501) which is expected to be launched by the end of 2018. A new SUV christened as "Harrier" is expected to be launched in H1/19.

Tata Starbus
A sleek DTC Tata intracity Starbus in central Delhi. Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland made low-floor buses are used on an increasing number of bus routes throughout Delhi comprising a fleet of over 600 buses (total bus fleet is 3,850), a few of which are AC CNG buses. Quite a few other Indian urban transport companies, including those operating in Bangalore, Chennai, Pune, Indore, Kolkata, Mysore, Navi Mumbai and Mumbai (54 cities in total) are gradually deploying modern buses under a funding scheme provided by the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) for the financing of new passenger transport equipment (14,240 buses as of Feb '09). The majority of intracity buses in India are built on Ashok Leyland or Tata truck chassis which make them rather uncomfortable and entry/exit difficult.
Tata Indigo dashboard
A view of the dashboard of a Tata Indigo. Tata has sold over a million Indicas/Indigo cars.
Hatchbacks
Sedans
SUVs, MUVs and UVs

Tata GenX Nano Tata's low-cost minicar was launched on March 23rd '09. Deliveries began in July '09 with sales tallying to 77,000 till the end of 2010. The Nano is powered by a two-cylinder 35 PS 624cc rear-mounted engine with a top speed of 105 km/h. Although only 3.1 m long (a tad longer than the Morris Mini), the Nano is very tall at 1.6 m and boasts 20 % more space than the Maruti 800 (based on the early 80's Suzuki Alto). Three variants with different trim levels are available.

Toyota Kirloskar Motor

Toyota Kirloskar sold 142 50 cars in 2016-17. The Toyota factory site is located at Bidadi, Karnataka and consists of two auto plants with a total capacity of 310 000 units. New models planned to be launched in 2018 include the Toyota Vios sedan and possibly the Yaris hatchback.

Volkswagen India

Volkswagen operates an 200 000 car annual capacity plant in Chakan near Pune (Maharashtra) which churned out 145 145 cars in 2016 out of which 60 500 were sold in India. The plant rolled out its 400 000th manufactured car in July '14.

Volvo Cars India

Volvo has dealerships located in Mumbai, Delhi, Gurugram, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Lucknow, Pune, Kochi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Surat, Vijayawada, Vizag and Chennai. Car models on sale include the V40 hatchback, V40 Cross Country, V90 Cross Country, S60 sedan, XC60, S60 Cross Country and S90 sedans, XC90, XC90 Excellence and the XC40 compact SUV.

These car models are priced at approx. ₹ 4 million and ₹ 5 million respectively and are imported from Volvo's Gothenburg factory in Sweden. Volvo sold 2 029 cars in 2017 (1 242 cars in H1/18), an increase over the 1 584 cars sold in 2016. Volvo Cars commenced assembly of the XC90 SUV in Oct 2017 in a plant located in Hoskote near Bengaluru. The XC60 SUV is also assembled in Volvo's India plant.

Imported Car/Motorcycles Brands

Aston Martin

Aston Martin has two dealerships in India, one in Mumbai and another one in Delhi. Models on offer include the DB11, Rapide, Vangage and Vanquish V12 coupes.

Bentley

Bentley models on offer include the Bentayga, Continental coupe, Flying Spur and Mulsanne. Bentley sells its cars through three dealers located in Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai.

BMW Motorrad

Bugatti

Bugatti launched its Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport sports car in Oct '10 with a price tag starting at ₹ 120 million.

Ducati

Ferrari

Ferrari models on sale include the California convertible, FF, 458, 488 and F12 Berlinetta.

Indian Motorcycle

Jaguar India

Jaguar offerings include the F-TYPE, F-PACE, XE, XF and XJ models. Jaguar commenced assembly of its XF in India in Jan '13 and presently assembles the F-PACE crossover, XF and XJ models. JLR sold 3 954 cars in 2017 (2579 cars in H1/18). JLR has 24 sales outlets across India.

Jeep India

Jeep's offerings include the Grand Cherokee Summit and Grand Cherokee SRT SUVs and the classic Wrangler Unlimited jeep models.

Lamborghini

Lamborghini's offerings include the Aventador and Huracan sports cars. The Aventador S super sports car costs around ₹ 50 m. Lamborghini sold 26 cars in 2016.

Land Rover India

Land Rover models sold in India include the Vogue and Autobriography/SVAutobiograhpy.

Lexus

Lexus sells the ES sedan, NX compact SUV, RX crossover, LX SUV models in India. Hybrid models include the ES 300h Luxury sedan, NX 300h Luxury compact SUV, NX 300h F Sport compact SUV, RX 450h and RX450 F Sport crossovers.

Maserati

Maserati has re-entered the Indian market with the Dec '17 launch of the Quattroporte GTS super saloon with a price tag of approx. ₹ 27 m (ex-showroom Delhi).

Porsche Cars India Pvt. Ltd.

Porsche has showrooms in Gurgaon, Kolkata, Kochi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Ahmedabad. Porsche sold 434 cars in 2017, slightly more than the 401 cars sold in 2016. Porsche sells Boxster, Cayman, 911 coupe models, Panamera/Panamera Turbo sports sedan and the Macan and Cayenne SUVs.

Rolls-Royce

Roll-Royce cars are sold through RR dealers located in Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. Rolls-Royce has managed to sell a dozen or so cars annually during the last few years. India is now RR's third largest market in the Asia-Pacific region with estimated sales at over 250 cars since the marque was relaunched in India in 2005. Earlier on India was a major market for Rolls-Royces. According to John M. Faisal, an automobile historian, as many as 900 cars with the famous Spirit of Ecstasy mascot on the bonnet were sold to Indian princes before 1947. Read more here: Maharajas' rendezvous with Rolls-Royce >>

TRIUMPH MOTORCYCLES

Triumph estimated sales for 2017 would amount to 1300 motorcycles. During 2018 the company expects to assemble ca 90 % of the models sold in India at its assembly facility located in Manesar.

Defunct Car Manufacturers

General Motors (India) Ltd. (domestic sales to end in 2017)

General Motors is phasing out auto sales in the Indian market although export production will continue at its Talegaon (Maharashtra) plant. SAIC is reported to be proceeding in a buyout of GM's former Halol (Gujarat) facility. GM sold 25 823 cars in 2016-17. GM produced around ½ million cars for the Indian market ever since launching its first offering, the Opel Astra sedan in 1996.

Hindustan Motors Ltd. (production ended)

HM was a Kolkata based car manufacturer with manufacturing facilities at Uttarpara (West Bengal), Pithampur (Madhya Pradesh), Thiruvallur (Tamil Nadu) and Hosur (Karnataka). HM sold 9,211 motor vehicles in 2008-09 including Mitsubishi models. Ambassador (petrol, diesel and CNG) - Production of the Ambassador which was based on an early 50's Austin Oxford model ended in 2014. Over 800 000 Ambassadors were produced.


Image above: A Hindustan Contessa in Hyderabad. Contessas are now a rare sight on Indian roads. The Contessa's body is based on the early-seventies Vauxhall Victor (Opel Rekord). Production of the Contessa spanned two decades from 1982. Production ended in 2002. The Contessa was one of the few more luxurious cars built in India (alongwith the Standard Motors' Standard 2000 model) prior to economic reforms in the early nineties.

Commercial Vehicle Manufacturers/Importers

ASHOK LEYLAND
Ashok Leyland manufactures Iveco trucks in addition to buses and other light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles. The company sold 145 066 vehicles in 2016-17. AL's bus sales in India amounted to 19 586 in 2015-16.
ASIA MOTORWORKS LTD.
AMW manufactures heavy-duty trucks (tractors and tippers) at a plant located in Bhuj, Gujarat. AMW has produced some 10,000 trucks till date (Feb '10).
ATUL AUTO LTD.
Atul Auto manufactures a range of three-wheelers from its plant located in Shapar, near Rajkot (Gujarat).
DAIMLER INDIA COMMERCIAL VEHICLES
Daimler sold 13 081 trucks in 2016 and over 55 000 units (till Oct '17) since launching the BharatBenz range of trucks in 2012. Truck exports increased to 4 300 units in 2016. DICV's plant is located in Oragadam, Tamil Nadu producing a range of light, medium and heavy-duty trucks in the range of 9 to 49 tons.
FORCE MOTORS LTD

The Force Motors (erstwhile Bajaj Tempo) product portfolio includes a range of LCV's, utility and commercial vehicles. Force Motors has also planned a joint venture with Neoman for the manufacture of chassis and complete buses.

GOLDSTONE INFRATECH LTD

Goldstone Infratech manufactures electric buses in collaboration with Chinese BYD Auto Industry, the latter being the largest electric vehicle manufacturer in the world. A few of the eBuzz K7 buses are operating in eg Mumbai (BEST Undertaking) and for Himachal Pradesh Transport Road Transport Corp (HTRC). The electric buses come with a range 200 kms when fully charged. Charging takes less than 4 hrs.

HINO MOTOR SALES INDIA PVT. LTD.
JCBL Ltd.
Coach manufacturer manufacturing a range of buses, motor homes, special utility vehicles, trailers and cargo boxes.
JBM AUTO LTD.
JBM Auto manufacturers modern low-floor city buses including an electric powered bus model
Mahindra Truck and Bus Division
MAN Trucks India Pvt. Ltd.
MAN Trucks has manufactured over 25 000 trucks by mid-2017.
PREMIER LTD.
Premier manufactures the Roadstar, a small truck for intra-city transport.
SCANIA INDIA
Scania has produced more than 1500 trucks and 250 buses at its two Indian plants. Scania discontinued bus body production in mid-2018.
SML ISUZU LTD.
SML Isuzu sold 3 507 buses in 2015-16.
SUTLEJ MOTORS LTD.
Luxury coach manufacturer
TATA MOTORS LTD.
Tata Motors sold 305 620 commercial vehicles in 2016-17 in India. See more in the car section.
TATRA VECTRA MOTORS LTD.
VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.
Volvo Eicher sold 4 997 buses in 2015-16.
VOLVO INDIA PVT. LTD.
Volvo India manufactures FM12 and FM9 series rigid/trailer trucks. Volvo also manufactures buses (capacity: 1800 units pa). Volvo's Hoskote (Karnataka) plant has an installed capacity of 4000 trucks pa. in double shifts. Volvo has sold over 6 000 buses since 2001. Volvo sold around 700 buses in 2012. Volvo is exporting trucks to South Korea in addition to some of the neighbouring countries. A new joint-venture, Volvo Bus BodyTechnologies, manufactures bus bodies in a plant located at Hoskote, Karnataka. A target has been set to sell 450 buses, including a new version of the Volvo 9400 inter-city model, this year.
URAL INDIA LTD.
Ural India, an Indo-Russian joint-venture, manufactures of URALAZ medium and heavy commercial vehicles. Ural India's plant is located at Haldia, West Bengal.

Miscellaneous

DILIP CHHABRIA DESIGN PVT. LTD.
PARIKH COACH BUILDERS
Produces the Ambylimo, a stretched fully equipped Hindustan Ambassador limousine.

Two/Three Wheeler/Quadricycle Manufacturers

Ather Energy

Bajaj Auto Ltd.

India's second largest two/three-wheeler manufacturer (2016-17 net sales ₹ 214 bn) and the world's third largest in terms of volumes. Bajaj Auto sold 3.67 million units in 2016/17 incl. 1.4 m units for overseas markets. Bajaj Auto's three plants are located at Waluj (Aurangabad, Maharashtra), Chakan (Dist. Pune, Maharashtra) and Pantnagar (Uttarakhand) with an annual total production capacity of over 6 m units and employing over 9500 persons.

The Supreme Court of India approved quadricycles in 2018 as a new vehicle category (kerb weight under 475 kgs for this class) and once the Bajaj Qute has passed the mandatory safety and crash tests the model is expected to be launched in India and available to consumers. The vehicle is powered by a 216 cc one cylinder petrol engine.

Mahindra Two Wheelers Ltd.

Mahindra Two Wheelers manufactures the Stallio motorcycle and various scooter models. The company sold 134,570 units in 2011-12.

Lohia Auto Industries

Lohia Auto manufactures electric scooters at its plant located in Kashipur, Uttarakhand.

Hero Motocorp Ltd.

Hero MotoCorp Honda, the world's largest two-wheeler manufacturer, sold over 7.2 million units (mainly motorcycles) in 2017. The company has plants located at Dharuhera (Haryana), Gurgaon (Haryana), Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Neemrana (Rajasthan). Net income amounted to ₹ 290 billion in 2015-16.

Harley-Davidson India

Honda Motorcycle & Scooter Pvt. Ltd.

Honda manufactures scooters and motorcycles at four plants located in Manesar (Haryana), Tapukara (Rajasthan), Vithalapur (Gujarat) and Narsapura (Karnataka). The company sold 5.008 million two-wheelers in 2016-17. Exports amounted to 283 153 units.

India Kawasaki Motors Pvt. Ltd.

India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd.

Yamaha Motor India sold 786 000 motorcycles in India in 2016 in addition to exports.

LML Ltd.

LML sold approx. 75 000 two-wheelers in 2005-06. LML manufactures lifestyle motorcycles (150 cc), motorcycles (110 to 125 cc) and scooters (150 cc).

Okinawa Autotech Pvt. Ltd.

Okinawa Autotech manufactures an electric scooter models including the Praise with an ex-showroom (Delhi) price tag of approx. ₹ 59 900 and the Ridge model.

Piaggio Vehicles(PVPL)

Royal Enfield Motors Ltd.

Manufacturer of the legendary "Bullet" motorcycles. The Indian Police and defence forces use "Bullet" motorcycles. Royal Enfield sold 452 812 motorcycles (incl. export of 8 285 units) in 2015. Royal Enfield operates two factories located at Chennai and Jaipur.

Suzuki Motorcycle India Pvt. Ltd.

Suzuki Motorcycle India sold over 350 000 motorcycles in 2016-17.

TVS Motor Company Ltd.

TVS Motor Co., the eight largest 2-wheeler manufacture in the world, recorded net sales of ₹ 223 bn and sold 3.34 million two-wheelers in 2015-16. TVS's plant is located at Hosur, Karnataka. TVS launched it first 3-wheeler, the TVS King, on March 9 '08. The 3-wheeler segment was till now dominated by Bajaj Auto and Piaggio.

Three Wheeler Manufacturers

PIAGGIO VEHICLES PVT. LTD. (PVPL)
PVPL manufactures diesel three-wheelers (pick-ups, delivery vans and passenger vehicles) at its Baramati (Maharashtra) plant. PVPL has announced plans to manufacture LCV's and possibly two-wheelers.
SCOOTERS INDIA LTD.
Government owned Scooters India Ltd. (1998-99 turnover: 1.36 billion Rupees) produced over 16,000 Vikram range of three-wheelers last year. SIL produces an electric 3-wheeler, the Vikram-EV. Vikram-EV is driven by a DC motor capable of delivering 7.5 bhp. A gas powered three-wheeler is also under development.
KERALA AUTOMOBILES LTD.
KAL produced 7240 three-wheelers in 1999-00.

Tractor Manufacturers

SAME DEUTZ-FAHR INDIA
Manufactures tractors and diesel engines at a plant located at Ranipet, Tamil Nadu. The company, a subsidiary of Italy's Same Deutz-Fahr, plans to expand its capacity to 11,000 units per annum by 2010.
L&T-JOHN DEERE LTD.
LTJD's tractor plant is located at Sanaswadi, near Pune.
HMT Tractors
TAFE (Tractors And Farm Equipment Ltd.)
MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA
The world's largest (volume wise) tractor manufacturer sold 159,000 tractors in 2009.
Mahindra USA Inc.
MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA - SWARAJ DIVISION
SONALIKA INTERNATIONAL TRACTORS LTD.
Sonalika sold a record 100 001 tractors in 2017-18. The tractor range spans from 20 upto 120 HP.
ESCORTS LIMITED - AGRI MACHINERY GROUP
Escorts sold 51 455 tractors in 2015-2016.
BRAHMA-STEYR TRACTORS
NEW HOLLAND TRACTORS (INDIA)
New Holland Tractors sold 9 714 tractors in 2004. The company has invested ca USD 100 m in India and exports Indian made tractors to 2 countries. New Holland expects a turnover of ₹ 5 bn in 2005.
MAHINDRA GUJARAT TRACTORS LTD.
FORCE MOTORS LTD.
V.S.T. TILLERS TRACTORS LTD.

Earth Moving, Material Handling and Construction Machinery Manufacturers

JCB India Ltd.
Escorts Construction Equipment Ltd.
Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML)
Caterpillar India
L&T Construction & Mining Equipment
LeeBoy India
Voltas India

Automotive Parts Manufacturers

Ashok Leyland - Leyparts
Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd.(TACO), India
Lucas-TVS
Clutch Auto Ltd.
India Pistons Ltd.
Bharat Gears
Bharat Forge
Motherson Sumi
Exide Industries
Rico Auto
Bosch India
Amtek Auto
Sono Koyo

Tyre Manufacturers

Tyre Statistics

  • Indian tyre production (FY 2014/15) estimate: 146 million units
  • Indian tyre exports (FY 2014-15): 8.7 million units
  • Indian passenger car, truch and bus tyre imports (FY 2011-12): 6.5 million units
Automotive Tyre Manufacturers' Association
Goodyear India
Apollo Tyres
Michelin India
MRF
- MRF is ranked among the top 20 tyre manufacturers of the world with an income of ₹ 151 bn in 2016-17.
TVS Srichakra Ltd.
Ceat Tyres
JK Tyre
Bridgestone